Anaphyllum Schott
  • Gen. Aroid.: 83 (1858) 

Notes: Distribution: S. India

General Description

HABIT : evergreen herbs, clump- or colony-forming, rhizome creeping. LEAVES : solitary to few. PETIOLE : smooth to tuberculate, geniculate apically, sheath short. BLADE : sagittate-hastate to pedatifid when juvenile, trisect at maturity, anterior division remotely pinnatisect with linear-lanceolate, acute lobes, the upper ones decurrent, posterior divisions either linear-lanceolate or deeply divided into 3 coherent segments, rachis geniculate at insertion of anterior and posterior divisions; basal ribs well-developed, primary lateral veins of ultimate lobes pinnate, running into marginal vein, higher order venation reticulate. INFLORESCENCE : solitary. PEDUNCLE : very long and slender, similar in colour and texture to petiole. SPATHE : membranous to coriaceous, marcescent, either convolute basally and becoming spirally twisted and long-acuminate apically, or oblong-ovate, ± flat and fully expanded. SPADIX : cylindric, much shorter than spathe, stipitate or sessile, flowering sequence basipetal. FLOWERS : bisexual, perigoniate, tepals 3-4, fornicate. STAMENS : 3-5, filaments fairly wide, connective slender, thecae elliptic, dehiscing by short, apical, pore-like slit. POLLEN : monosulcate, ellipsoid, medium-sized (mean 29 µm., range 25-33 µm.), exine foveolate to reticulate, sometimes with elevated psilate regions, apertural exine psilate. GYNOECIUM : ovary ovoid, 1-locular, ovule 1, hemianatropous, funicle short, placenta parietal on single intrusive septum, style thick, attenuate, stigma subcapitate, exuding droplet at anthesis. BERRY : ovoid, smooth, red. SEED : ovoid, funicle slender, testa membranaceous, smooth, embryo stout, straight, endosperm absent.

Diagnostic Description

Evergreen herbs with creeping rhizomes, clump- or colony-forming; petiole unarmed, smooth to tuberculate, geniculate apically; flowers bisexual, perigoniate. Differs from neotropical Anaphyllopsis in having seeds with a membranous, smooth testa and a straight embryo, and in its southern Indian range.


Tropical evergreen forest in leaf litter and in swamp forest undergrowth; geophytes, rare.


S. India.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent India
  • Laccadive Is.


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • 3 Gardens, K.""Royal Bot World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. (2008).
  • 4 Mayo, S.J., Bogner, J. & Boyce, P.C. The Genera of Araceae. (Royal Botanic Gardens Kew: 1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
  • B
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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