Anadendrum Schott
  • Bonplandia (Hannover) 5: 45 (1857) 


Notes: Distribution: S. China to Malesia

General Description

HABIT : climbing herbs. LEAVES : distichous. PETIOLE : geniculate apically, sheathed nearly to apex, sheath persistent or marcescent. BLADE : obliquely ovate-oblong, entire; primary lateral veins pinnate, running into marginal vein, higher order venation reticulate. INFLORESCENCE : 1-3 in each floral sympodium. PEDUNCLE : relatively long. SPATHE : oblong-ovate, boat-shaped to reflexed, greenish white, rostrate apically and overtopping the spadix, deciduous after anthesis. SPADIX : stipitate, cylindric. FLOWERS : bisexual, perigoniate; perigone membranaceous, a single cup-like structure, truncate, equalling or shorter than gynoecium. STAMENS : 4, filaments relatively short, broad, spathulate, connective slender, thecae linear-elliptic, dehiscing by longitudinal slit. POLLEN : inaperturate, subspheroidal, small (mean 22 µm.), exine psilate or subretipilate, pilae spinulose tipped and solitary, or united into groups of 2-4 or more. GYNOECIUM : ovary obconic or obpyramidal, subquadrangular, 1-locular, ovule 1, anatropous, funicle short, placenta basal, stylar region as broad as ovary, stigma transversely oblong. BERRIES : distinctly truncate apically, subglobose, orange red (A. microstachyum). SEED : rounded, subglobose, testa smooth, glossy, embryo large, endosperm absent.

Diagnostic Description

Climbing hemiepiphytes; trichosclereids absent; higher order leaf venation reticulated, blade always entire; stigma transversely oblong; stamens always 4 per flower; perigone consisting of a single cup-like structure.

Habitat

Tropical humid forest; climbing hemiepiphytes, sometimes on rocks.

Distribution

Indo-China to Papua New Guinea.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Asia-Temperate China China South-Central
  • China Southeast
  • Hainan
  • Asia-Tropical Indo-China Cambodia
  • Laos
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Malesia Borneo
  • Jawa
  • Malaya
  • Maluku (Doubtful)
  • Philippines
  • Sulawesi
  • Sumatera

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • 3 Gardens, K.""Royal Bot World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. (2008).
  • 4 Mayo, S.J., Bogner, J. & Boyce, P.C. The Genera of Araceae. (Royal Botanic Gardens Kew: 1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
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Global Biodiversity Information Facility
http://data.gbif.org
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eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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TreeBASE
http://treebase.org/treebase-web/home.html
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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