Furtadoa M.Hotta
  • Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 32: 142 (1981) 

Notes: Distribution: W. Malesia

General Description

HABIT : small evergreen herbs, stem repent. LEAVES : several to many. PETIOLE : sheath to half as long as petiole or more. BLADE : elliptic; primary lateral veins pinnate, running into margin, higher order venation parallel-pinnate. INFLORESCENCE : 1-3 in each floral sympodium. PEDUNCLE : shorter than or subequal to petiole. SPATHE : green, ellipsoid, not constricted, boat-shaped, persistent. SPADIX : subcylindric, tapering apically, female zone a third to nearly half spadix length, male zone contiguous with female, tapering to apex. FLOWERS : unisexual, perigone absent; each male and female flower with stamen or staminode situated basally to pistillode or gynoecium respectively. MALE FLOWER : consisting of a single free stamen overtopped by single flask-shaped pistillode with subglobose stigmatoid apex, pistillodes absent from apical flowers, stamen apex truncate, connective thick, thecae ovoid, dehiscing by short, longitudinal slit. POLLEN : inaperturate, ellipsoid-oblong, small (mean 17 µm.), exine virtually psilate. FEMALE FLOWER : consisting of gynoecium with single, shorter, obovoid, apically truncate staminode, lowermost flowers sometimes apparently with more than one staminode, gynoecium ovoid, ovary 1-locular, ovules many, hemianatropous, placenta basal to intrusive basal, style short and attenuate to absent, stigma discoid-subcapitate. BERRY : subcylindric, light green, bearing old style and stigma remains. SEED : ellipsoid to ovoid, testa smooth, thin, cream-coloured to very light green, embryo straight, endosperm copious.

Diagnostic Description

Small evergreen rheophytes or terrestrials; leaf blade simple, elliptic, fine venation parallel-pinnate; spathe boat-shaped, not constricted; spadix male and female zones contiguous; flowers unisexual, perigone absent. Differs from Homalomena in male flower consisting of solitary stamen overtopped by a flask-shaped pistillode, 1-locular ovaries and basal placentation.


Tropical humid forest; rheophytes on rocks in streams (F. sumatrensis), or forest floor terrestrials (F. mixta).


W. Malesia.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Tropical Malesia Malaya
  • Sumatera


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Gardens, K.""Royal Bot World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. (2008).
  • 3 Mayo, S.J., Bogner, J. & Boyce, P.C. The Genera of Araceae. (Royal Botanic Gardens Kew: 1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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