Epipremnum Schott
  • Bonplandia (Hannover) 5: 45 (1857) 

Notes: Distribution: Trop. & Subtrop. Asia to Pacific

General Description

HABIT : evergreen climbing herbs, producing flagellae. LEAVES : several to many, distichous. PETIOLE : geniculate apically, sheath long, marcescent to deciduous, often decomposing to conspicuous net-fibrous mass. BLADE : entire, often oblique, lanceolate, elliptic, elliptic- oblong, or pinnatipartite to pinnatisect, rarely minutely perforate (E. pinnatum); primary lateral veins pinnate, running into marginal vein, secondary and often tertiaries parallel-pinnate, tertiary and higher order venation often reticulate. INFLORESCENCE : 1(-2) in each floral sympodium. PEDUNCLE : relatively short. SPATHE : boat-shaped, withering after anthesis, usually deciduous. SPADIX : subcylindric, conic, often quite thick, sessile or stipitate, shorter than spathe. FLOWERS : bisexual, or lowermost ones female, perigone absent. STAMENS : 4, filaments linear, somewhat broad, anthers much shorter than filaments, connective slender, thecae oblong-ellipsoid, dehiscing by longitudinal slit. POLLEN : fully zonate, hamburger-shaped, medium-sized (mean 40 µm., range 36-44 µm.), exine foveolate-fossulate, psilate at periphery, apertural exine coarsely verrucate. GYNOECIUM : ovary subtetragonal-prismatic, truncate, 1-locular, ovules usually 2, more rarely 4 or 6-8 (E. amplissimum), anatropous, funicle short, placenta parietal or near base of parietal partial septa, stylar region prismatic, as broad or broader than ovary, stigma umbonate to oblong-linear in axial plane of spadix. BERRY : 1-8-seeded, throwing off apical tissue. SEED : reniform, testa thickish, brittle, smooth, embryo curved, endosperm copious.

Diagnostic Description

Climbing epiphytes and lithophytes, with abundant trichosclereids; leaf blade entire to pinnatipartite or pinnatisect, rarely minutely perforate, secondary venation parallel-pinnate, finer venation mostly reticulate; flowers bisexual, perigone absent. Differs from Rhaphidophora in having 2-4 (-6) ovules at the base of a single intrusive placenta, seeds curved, 3-7 mm long, 1.5-4.0 mm wide. Differs from Amydrium in having abundant trichosclereids in all tissues. Differs from Scindapsus in often having pinnatisect leaves and more than one anatropous ovule.


Tropical humid forest; high-climbing hemiepiphytes, on trees and rocks.


Trop. & Subtrop. Asia to Pacific.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Temperate China China South-Central
  • China Southeast
  • Hainan
  • Eastern Asia Nansei-shoto
  • Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Assam
  • Bangladesh
  • Indo-China Andaman Is.
  • Cambodia
  • Laos
  • Myanmar
  • Nicobar Is.
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Malesia Borneo
  • Jawa
  • Lesser Sunda Is.
  • Malaya
  • Maluku
  • Philippines
  • Sulawesi
  • Sumatera
  • Papuasia Bismarck Archipelago
  • New Guinea
  • Solomon Is.
  • Australasia Australia Northern Territory
  • Queensland
  • Pacific Northwestern Pacific Caroline Is.
  • Marshall Is.
  • South-Central Pacific Cook Is.
  • Society Is.
  • Southwestern Pacific Fiji
  • New Caledonia
  • Samoa
  • Santa Cruz Is.
  • Tonga
  • Vanuatu
  • Wallis-Futuna Is.
  • Southern America Caribbean Bermuda
Introduced into
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Kenya
  • West Tropical Africa Guinea
  • Ivory Coast
  • West-Central Tropical Africa Cameroon
  • Western Indian Ocean Chagos Archipelago
  • Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate Eastern Asia Ogasawara-shoto
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent India
  • Sri Lanka
  • Northern America Southeastern U.S.A. Florida
  • Pacific North-Central Pacific Hawaii
  • South-Central Pacific Line Is.
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil Northeast
  • Brazil Southeast
  • Caribbean Cuba
  • Dominican Republic
  • Haiti
  • Leeward Is.
  • Puerto Rico
  • Venezuelan Antilles
  • Windward Is.
  • Central America Costa Rica
  • Northern South America Suriname
  • Western South America Ecuador


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Gardens, K.""Royal Bot World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. (2008).
  • 3 Mayo, S.J., Bogner, J. & Boyce, P.C. The Genera of Araceae. (Royal Botanic Gardens Kew: 1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
  • B All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • D See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.