Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens (Willd.) O.W.Knight
  • Rhodora 8: 93 (1906) 


Notes: Distribution: Subarctic America to U.S.A.

General Description

An erect herb 10-80 cm tall, more or less densely glandular hairy throughout, often forming clumps, with short stout creeping rhizomes with fibrous roots. Erect stems terete, leafy above, covered by three more or less pubescent tubular sheaths below. Leaves pleated strongly, many-nerved, three to five (rarely six), elliptic to ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acute to acuminate, 5-20 cm long, 2.1-10 cm wide, somewhat two-ranked, sheathing the stem below, bright green, pubescent above and below on veins, ciliate. Inflorescence one- or two-flowered; rhachis terete, glandular hairy; bracts leaf-like, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, 2.9-10 cm long, 0.8-4 cm wide, pubescent and ciliate. Flowers medium-sized to large, showy, the sepals and petals yellow or greenish usually suffused and streaked with rusty brown or dull brown, tIle lip yellow with ma.. genta spots and streaks within, the staminode yellow with red spotting; pedicel and ovary 2-3.2 cm long, reddish glandular hairy. Dorsal sepal suberect to porrect, lanceolate, acuminate, 2.5-7(-8.5) cm long, 1.4-3.5 cm wide, often undulate and slightly spirally twisted. Synsepal similar but bidentate at apex, 2.3-8 cm long, 1.4-2.5 cm wide, incurved behind lip and with lateral margins somewhat reflexed. Petals spreading-deflexed at 45 to 60° below horizontal, spirally twisted one to three times, rarely untwisted, linear-tapering, acuminate, 3-7(-9) cm long, 0.5-1 cm wide, pubescent on mid-vein and at base within. Lip ellipsoidal, obovoid or subreniform, with a small mouth, 2-5.2 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm wide; apical margins incurved, incurved sides with a pleat on each side at the base. Column short, c. 1 cm long; staminode subsessile, concave towards apex, conduplicate, triangular-ovate, blunt, 1-1.2 cm long, 0.7-1 cm wide; filaments extending beyond anthers, subacute.

Biology

Flowers from May to July depending on latitude, habitat, climate, and soils.

Ecology

A plant of rich woods growing in heavy damp humusrich but well-drained soils in partial shade, also on rocky hillsides, along streams, in meadows and clearings, in shallow turfy depressions on treeless limestone barrens and plateau in peaty soil, and in talus of limestone cliffs. It thrives in limestone areas, but the soils are usually neutral to slightly acidic; sea level to 2000 m. Flowers from May to July depending on latitude, habitat, climate, and soils.

Distribution

Canada (from the Yukon and British Colombia across to the eastern seaboard and Newfoundland), U.S.A. (from southeastern Alaska, Washington and Oregon across to the eastern seaboard and south to Louisiana, Texas, New Mexico and Arizona). Common in the eastern parts of its range but rarer in the west and south.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Northern America Eastern Canada Labrador
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Québec
  • North-Central U.S.A. Illinois
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Wisconsin
  • Northeastern U.S.A. Connecticut
  • Indiana
  • Maine
  • Masachusettes
  • Michigan
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode I.
  • Vermont
  • West Virginia
  • Northwestern U.S.A. Colorado
  • Montana
  • Oregon
  • Washington
  • South-Central U.S.A. New Mexico
  • Southeastern U.S.A. Arkansas
  • District of Columbia
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • North Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia
  • Southwestern U.S.A. Arizona
  • Utah
  • Subarctic America Alaska
  • Northwest Territories
  • Yukon
  • Western Canada Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • Saskatchewan

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. Continental Publishing, Deurne.
  • 3 von Willdenow, C.L. Original description of Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens. 8, (1906).
  • 4 Cribb, P.J. The Genus Cypripedium. 301 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Timber Press: 1997).

 Information From

Cypripedioideae
http://cypripedioideae.e-monocot.org
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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