Capeochloa H.P.Linder & N.P.Barker
  • Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 324 (2010) 

Notes: Distribution: Cape Prov.

General Description

HABIT Perennial. Rhizomes absent (2), or short (1). Culms erect (1/1); reed-like (2/2); 73-115.5-200 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades aciculate (1), or linear (2); herbaceous (2), or coriaceous (1); stiff (1), or firm (2). Leaf-blade apex muticous (2), or pungent (1). INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets (1), or 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong (1), or cuneate (2); laterally compressed; 10-13.65-16.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent. GLUMES Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet (1), or exceeding apex of florets (2); thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent (1), or distinct (2). Lower glume surface glabrous (2), or puberulous (1). Lower glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (1), or attenuate (2). Upper glume lanceolate; 0.9-1.383-1.7 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous (2), or puberulous (1). Upper glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (1), or attenuate (2). FLORETS Fertile lemma oblong; chartaceous; without keel; 9 -veined (2/2). Lemma surface glabrous (2), or pubescent (1); without hair tufts (1), or with marginal hair tufts (1), or with a transverse row of hair tufts (1). Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.2-0.3433-0.5 of lemma length; awned; 1 -awned (1), or 3 -awned (2). Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate. Palea keels eciliate (1), or ciliolate (2). Palea surface glabrous (1), or pubescent (1), or pilose (1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped. FLOWER Lodicules 2; fleshy; glabrous (2), or ciliate (1). Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous (1/1). FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. DISTRIBUTION Africa.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa Southern Africa Cape Provinces

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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