HABIT Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms scandent; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate. INFLORESCENCE Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; leafless between clusters. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 7.47-10.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. GLUMES Glumes several. FLORETS Fertile lemma lanceolate; without keel. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets 2 in number. FLOWER Lodicules 3; ciliate. Anthers 6. Ovary umbonate. DISTRIBUTION Tropical Asia.