Kinabaluchloa K.M.Wong
  • Kew Bull. 48: 523 (1993) 

Notes: Distribution: Thailand to W. Malesia

General Description

HABIT Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms leaning (1/1); 300-883.3-1800 cm long; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several (1/1); in a clump (1/1); with subequal branches (1/1). Culm-sheaths auriculate (1/1). Culm-sheath blade linear (1/2), or ovate (1/2); cordate (1/1). Leaf-sheath auricles absent (2), or erect (1). Ligule an eciliate membrane (2), or a ciliate membrane (1). Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate. INFLORESCENCE Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; with glumaceous subtending bracts (2), or spathaceous subtending bracts (1); with axillary buds at base of spikelet; leafy between clusters (2/2). FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1-4 fertile florets (1); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-24.66-50 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. GLUMES Glumes several. Lower glume ovate (1/1). Lower glume apex cuspidate (1/1). FLORETS Fertile lemma lanceolate (2), or ovate (1); without keel; 9 -veined (1/2), or 14 -veined (1/2). Lemma margins eciliate (2), or ciliolate (1). Lemma apex acute (2), or cuspidate (1). Palea 1 length of lemma; 10 -veined (2), or 12-16 -veined (1). Palea keels separated (2), or approximate (1); ciliolate. Palea apex dentate (1/1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped (1), or distinct from fertile (2); 1 in number (2/2). FLOWER Lodicules 3; glabrous (1), or ciliate (2). Anthers 6. Stigmas 3. Ovary unappendaged (1), or umbonate (2). DISTRIBUTION Tropical Asia.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Tropical Indo-China Thailand
  • Malesia Borneo
  • Malaya


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.