Gilgiochloa Pilg.
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 416 (1914) 


Notes: Distribution: Rwanda to S. Trop. Africa

General Description

HABIT Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-90 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent; truncate. GLUMES Glumes persistent; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex acute; awned. Upper glume ovate; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. FLORETS Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; membranous; 5-7 -veined; acuminate. Palea of lower sterile floret woody. Fertile lemma oblong; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; with a transverse row of hair tufts. Lemma margins involute; interlocking with palea keels. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.2-0.3 of lemma length; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate. Lateral lemma awns shorter than principal. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels winged; with clavate appendages on wings. FLOWER Lodicules 2; fleshy. Anthers 3. FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; fusiform. Hilum linear. DISTRIBUTION Africa.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Tanzania
  • South Tropical Africa Malawi
  • Mozambique
  • Zambia
  • West-Central Tropical Africa Burundi
  • Rwanda

Included Species

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.