Garnotia Brongn.
  • L.I.Duperrey, Voy. Monde, Phan.: 132 (1832) 


Notes: Distribution: Aldabra to Seychelles, S. Arabian Pen., Trop. & Subtrop. Asia to Pacific

General Description

HABIT Annual (6/29), or perennial (23/29). Rhizomes absent (30), or elongated (1). Culms erect (10/24), or geniculately ascending (8/24), or decumbent (14/24), or prostrate (5/24), or rambling (1/24); robust (3/12), or of moderate stature (1/12), or slender (7/12), or weak (2/12); 5-61.6-170 cm long; firm (29), or wiry (2); without nodal roots (4/6), or rooting from lower nodes (6/6). Lateral branches lacking (2/2), or sparse (1/2). Leaves differentiated into sheath and blade (28), or without demarcation between sheath and blade (3). Leaf-sheath auricles absent (30), or erect (1). Ligule an eciliate membrane (17), or a ciliolate membrane (16), or a ciliate membrane (2). Leaf-blade base without a false petiole (30), or with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath (1). Leaf-blades filiform (1), or linear (24), or lanceolate (6); membranous (3), or herbaceous (27), or coriaceous (1); stiff (1), or firm (30). INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (10), or contracted (23). Spikelets ascending (1/1); solitary (26), or in pairs (7), or in threes (1). Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster (1/1). Pedicels linear (2/2), or oblong (1/2). FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed (29), or subterete (1), or dorsally compressed (1); 2-3.877-7 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus glabrous (15/30), or pubescent (16/30), or pilose (5/30), or bearded (2/30); base obtuse (30/30); attached transversely (1/1). GLUMES Glumes reaching apex of florets (23), or exceeding apex of florets (8); thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75-1.006-1.1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels (1/30), or 1-keeled (29/30); 3 -veined, or 4-5 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins without ribs (30), or ribbed (1). Lower glume surface smooth (17), or asperulous (1), or scabrous (13); glabrous (30), or pilose (2), or hispid (1). Lower glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (16), or acuminate (26), or attenuate (3), or setaceously attenuate (3); muticous (24), or mucronate (6), or awned (17). Upper glume lanceolate; 1-1.058-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels (1/30), or 1-keeled (29/30); 3 -veined (30/30), or 4-5 -veined (1/30). Upper glume lateral veins without ribs (30), or ribbed (1). Upper glume surface smooth (19), or scabrous (12); glabrous (30), or pilose (2), or hispid (1). Upper glume apex emarginate (1), or obtuse (1), or acute (19), or acuminate (25), or attenuate (3), or setaceously attenuate (3); muticous (25), or mucronate (6), or awned (15); 1 -awned (15/15). FLORETS Fertile lemma lanceolate (2), or oblong (29); cartilaginous; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure (1/1). Lemma surface smooth (30), or scaberulous (1); glabrous, or pubescent (1). Lemma margins flat (1), or involute (30); exposing palea (1), or interlocking with palea keels (30). Lemma apex entire (20), or dentate (11), or lobed (1); 2 -fid (12/12); acute (4/15), or acuminate (12/15); muticous (9), or awned (28); 1 -awned (27/28), or 3 -awned (1/28). Principal lemma awn apical (16/28), or from a sinus (13/28); straight (14/28), or curved (5/28), or flexuous (7/28), or geniculate (12/28); attenuate (26/28), or with thread-like crinkled tip (2/28). Palea 1 length of lemma; cartilaginous; 2 -veined (30/30). Palea keels wingless (2), or winged (29). FLOWER Lodicules 2 (28/28); fleshy (28/28). Anthers 3 (1/1). Ovary glabrous (1/1). FRUIT Hilum punctiform (1/1). DISTRIBUTION Africa (1), or Temperate Asia (6), or Tropical Asia (20), or Australasia (1), or Pacific (11).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa Western Indian Ocean Aldabra
  • Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate Arabian Peninsula Oman
  • China China South-Central
  • China Southeast
  • Hainan
  • Eastern Asia Kazan-retto
  • Nansei-shoto
  • Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Assam
  • Bangladesh
  • East Himalaya
  • India
  • Nepal
  • Sri Lanka
  • West Himalaya
  • Indo-China Andaman Is.
  • Cambodia
  • Laos
  • Myanmar
  • Nicobar Is.
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Malesia Borneo
  • Jawa
  • Lesser Sunda Is.
  • Malaya
  • Maluku
  • Philippines
  • Sulawesi
  • Sumatera
  • Papuasia New Guinea
  • Australasia Australia Queensland
  • Pacific North-Central Pacific Hawaii
  • Northwestern Pacific Caroline Is.
  • Marianas
  • South-Central Pacific Cook Is.
  • Society Is.
  • Southwestern Pacific Fiji
  • New Caledonia

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.