Fargesia Franch.
  • Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 2: 1067 (1893) 


Notes: Distribution: E. Himalaya to China and Vietnam

General Description

HABIT Perennial. Rhizomes absent (9), or short (78), or elongated (1); pachymorph (78/78). Culms erect (50/50); 30.4-406-1500 cm long; woody; without nodal roots (11/11). Culm-internodes terete (86/86). Culm-nodes flush with internodes (8/17), or swollen (10/17); without obvious supra-nodal ridge (5/13), or with distinct supra-nodal ridge (13/13). Lateral branches suffrutescent (1), or dendroid (87). Branch complement one (2/82), or two (1/82), or three (6/82), or several (68/82), or many (10/82); in a horizontal line (24/25), or in an irregular line (1/25); at the node (86), or subtended by a bare patch above the node (2); with subequal branches (20/20); thinner than stem (46/46). Culm-sheaths persistent (39/61), or tardily deciduous (14/61), or deciduous but leaving a persistent girdle (6/61), or deciduous (8/61); without auricles (63/66), or auriculate (5/66). Culm-sheath blade linear (46/68), or lanceolate (46/68), or ovate (1/68), or triangular (17/68); narrower than sheath (17/19), or as wide as sheath at base (2/19). Leaf-sheath auricles absent (80), or erect (4), or falcate (4). Ligule an eciliate membrane (73), or a ciliolate membrane (16), or absent (1). Leaf-blade base without a false petiole (4), or with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades persistent (86), or deciduous at the ligule (2); linear (7), or lanceolate (85), or oblong (3), or ovate (2); herbaceous (31), or chartaceous (57); stiff (1), or firm (87). Leaf-blade venation without cross veins (11), or with obscure cross veins (23), or with distinct cross veins (54). INFLORESCENCE Synflorescence simple (20/24), or compound (4/24). Inflorescence a panicle (6/24), or composed of racemes (18/24); subtended by an unspecialized leaf-sheath (10/24), or an inflated leaf-sheath (1/24), or a spatheole (13/24); exserted (6/24), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (18/24). Spatheole elliptic (3/3). Panicle open (3/3). Racemes single (18/18); linear (15/18), or oblong (3/18); unilateral (5/5); bearing 2 fertile spikelets on each (1/9), or 3 fertile spikelets on each (6/9), or 4 fertile spikelets on each (7/9), or 5 fertile spikelets on each (6/9), or 6 fertile spikelets on each (5/9), or 7 fertile spikelets on each (3/9), or 8-11 fertile spikelets on each (1/9). Spikelet packing crowded (3/18), or contiguous (15/18). Spikelets solitary (24/24). Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled (1/24), or pedicelled (23/24). FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 2-5-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex (23/23). Spikelets linear (3/23), or lanceolate (3/23), or oblong (17/23); laterally compressed (24/24); 2.5-24.22-60 mm long; breaking up at maturity (24/24); disarticulating below each fertile floret (24/24). Rhachilla internodes glabrous (12/24), or sparsely hairy (1/24), or pubescent (8/24), or pilose (7/24). Floret callus pubescent (2/6), or pilose (4/6). GLUMES Glumes one the upper absent or obscure (1/24), or two (24/24), or several (1/24); persistent (22/22); shorter than spikelet (23/23). Lower glume linear (1/23), or lanceolate (21/23), or ovate (2/23); 0.33-0.68-0.75 length of upper glume; chartaceous (21/22), or herbaceous (1/22); without keels (21/22), or 1-keeled (1/22); 1-2 -veined (1/11), or 3 -veined (9/11), or 4 -veined (4/11), or 5 -veined (6/11). Lower glume lateral veins absent (1/24), or distinct (24/24). Lower glume surface glabrous (22/24), or puberulous (3/24). Lower glume apex obtuse (1/20), or acute (6/20), or acuminate (7/20), or attenuate (4/20), or setaceously attenuate (2/20), or cuspidate (2/20); muticous (19/23), or awned (4/23). Upper glume lanceolate (17/23), or elliptic (4/23), or ovate (2/23); 0.6-0.8167-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous (21/22), or herbaceous (1/22); without keels (20/22), or 1-keeled (2/22); 3 -veined (2/11), or 4 -veined (1/11), or 5 -veined (3/11), or 6 -veined (1/11), or 7 -veined (7/11), or 8 -veined (3/11), or 9 -veined (4/11). Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins (1/1). Upper glume surface smooth (23/24), or scabrous (1/24); glabrous (21/24), or puberulous (3/24), or hispid (1/24). Upper glume apex obtuse (1/20), or acute (7/20), or acuminate (6/20), or attenuate (3/20), or setaceously attenuate (3/20), or cuspidate (2/20); muticous (19/23), or awned (4/23); 1 -awned (2/2). FLORETS Fertile lemma lanceolate (16/20), or elliptic (2/20), or oblong (1/20), or ovate (7/20); chartaceous (21/22), or herbaceous (1/22); without keel (23/23); 5 -veined (1/16), or 7 -veined (6/16), or 8 -veined (2/16), or 9 -veined (11/16), or 10-11 -veined (5/16), or 12-13 -veined (1/16). Lemma surface smooth (23/24), or scaberulous (1/24), or scabrous (1/24); glabrous (12/24), or puberulous (9/24), or pubescent (4/24), or hispidulous (1/24); hairy on back (12/14), or on veins (1/14), or between veins (1/14). Lemma margins eciliate (16/24), or ciliolate (6/24), or ciliate (3/24), or pubescent (1/24). Lemma apex acute (1/18), or acuminate (8/18), or attenuate (5/18), or setaceously attenuate (2/18), or cuspidate (2/18), or rostrate (1/18); muticous (20/24), or mucronate (1/24), or awned (3/24); 1 -awned (3/3). Palea membranous (23/24), or chartaceous (1/24); 2 -veined (3/5), or 4 -veined (2/5). Palea keels eciliate (10/24), or pubescent (1/24), or ciliolate (7/24), or ciliate (6/24). Palea surface glabrous (20/24), or puberulous (2/24), or pubescent (1/24), or pilose (1/24). Palea apex entire (2/10), or dentate (10/10). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped (23/23). FLOWER Lodicules 3 (22/22); membranous (1/1); glabrous (9/22), or ciliate (13/22). Anthers 3 (22/22). Stigmas 2 (13/22), or 3 (12/22). Ovary glabrous (11/11). FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (21/21); linear (1/2), or ellipsoid (1/2); apex unappendaged (4/4). DISTRIBUTION Temperate Asia (85), or Tropical Asia (4).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Temperate China China North-Central
  • China South-Central
  • China Southeast
  • Hainan
  • Inner Mongolia
  • Qinghai
  • Tibet
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent East Himalaya
  • Indo-China Vietnam

Included Species

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.