HABIT Annual. Culms 40-90 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; oblong, or globose; unilateral. Rhachis flattened. Spikelet packing crowded. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 3-20 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 9-17 mm long; falling entire. GLUMES Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 0.7 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate; mucronate. FLORETS Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; chartaceous; 5-10 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma orbicular; coriaceous; much thinner on margins; keeled; 9-13 -veined. Lemma margins pilose. Lemma apex cuspidate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn pungent. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels winged; ciliolate. Palea surface pilose. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped. FLOWER Lodicules absent. FRUIT Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid. DISTRIBUTION Africa.