Crithopsis Jaub. & Spach
  • Ill. Pl. Orient. 4: 30 (1850) 

Notes: Distribution: S. & E. Medit. to Iran

General Description

HABIT Annual. Culms erect, or decumbent; 10-35 cm long. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes single; oblong; bilateral. Rhachis fragile at the nodes. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes oblong; falling with spikelet above. Spikelets ascending; in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 2 in the cluster. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 9.96-14.4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. GLUMES Glumes exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume linear; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface scabrous. Lower glume apex attenuate. Upper glume linear; coriaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface scabrous. Upper glume apex attenuate. FLORETS Fertile lemma elliptic; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous; villous. Lemma apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliate. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; linear. FLOWER Ovary pubescent on apex. FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; dorsally compressed. Embryo 0.2 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis. DISTRIBUTION Europe, or Africa, or Temperate Asia.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa Northern Africa Egypt
  • Libya
  • Morocco
  • Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate Western Asia Cyprus
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Lebanon-Syria
  • Palestine
  • Turkey
  • Europe Southeastern Europe Kriti


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.