Corynephorus P.Beauv.
  • Ess. Agrostogr.: 90 (1812) 

Notes: Distribution: Europe, Medit. to Iran

General Description

HABIT Annual (4), or perennial (1). Culms erect, or geniculately ascending (1); 7-34.3-80 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades filiform; stiff (1), or firm (4). INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (4), or contracted (1). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 2.5-3.8-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes glabrous (1), or pilose (4). Floret callus pubescent (2), or pilose (1), or bearded (2). GLUMES Glumes persistent; exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75-0.89-1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute (4), or acuminate (1). Upper glume lanceolate (4), or ovate (1); 1.8-2.23-3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; with undifferentiated margins (4), or membranous margins (1); 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume apex acute (4), or acuminate (1). FLORETS Fertile lemma ovate; hyaline (1), or membranous (4); without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; with scarcely tapering limb (1), or with clavate limb (4). Column of lemma awn with bearded apex. FLOWER Anthers 3 (4/4). Ovary glabrous (4/4). FRUIT Hilum punctiform (4/4). DISTRIBUTION Europe (4), or Africa (3), or Temperate Asia (2), or Australasia (1), or North America (1), or South America (2).

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Africa Northern Africa Algeria
  • Egypt
  • Libya
  • Morocco
  • Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate Caucasus Transcaucasus
  • Western Asia Cyprus
  • East Aegean Is.
  • Iran
  • Lebanon-Syria
  • Palestine
  • Sinai
  • Turkey
  • Europe Eastern Europe Baltic States
  • Belarus
  • Central European Russia
  • Northwest European Russia
  • Ukraine
  • Middle Europe Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Northern Europe Denmark
  • Great Britain
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • Southeastern Europe Bulgaria
  • Greece
  • Italy
  • Kriti
  • Romania
  • Sicilia
  • Turkey-in-Europe
  • Southwestern Europe Corse
  • France
  • Portugal
  • Sardegna
  • Spain
Introduced into
  • Africa Southern Africa Cape Provinces
  • Australasia Australia Western Australia
  • Northern America Northeastern U.S.A. Connecticut
  • Maine
  • Masachusettes
  • Michigan
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Pennsylvania
  • Northwestern U.S.A. Washington
  • Western Canada British Columbia
  • Southern America Southern South America Argentina Northeast
  • Chile Central
  • Western South America Ecuador


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.