Cleistochloa C.E.Hubb.
  • Hooker's Icon. Pl. 33: t. 3209 (1933) 

Notes: Distribution: New Guinea to E. Australia

General Description

HABIT Perennial. Rhizomes absent (1), or short (2). Culms erect (2), or geniculately ascending (1); 30-55-90 cm long; wiry. Lateral branches sparse (1), or ample (1), or suffrutescent (1). Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades persistent (2), or deciduous at the ligule (1); stiff. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle (1), or composed of racemes (2). Panicle contracted (1/1). Racemes single (2/2); paucilateral (2/2); bearing few fertile spikelets (2/2); bearing 2-6 fertile spikelets on each (1/1). Rhachis angular (2/2). Spikelet packing adaxial (2/2); lax (2/2). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong (1/1). FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3.5-4.466-5.6 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus glabrous; base truncate. GLUMES Glumes one the lower absent or obscure (2), or two (1); shorter than spikelet (2), or reaching apex of florets (1); thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate (1/1); hyaline (1/1); without keels (1/1); 0 -veined (1/1). Lower glume lateral veins absent (1/1). Lower glume apex truncate (1/1), or acute (1/1). Upper glume elliptic (2), or oblong (2); 0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous (1), or scarious (2); without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous (1), or villous (2). Upper glume apex truncate (1), or acute (2), or acuminate (1). FLORETS Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic (2), or oblong (2); 1 length of fertile lemma; membranous; 5-6 -veined (2), or 7 -veined; without ribs (2), or ribbed (1); truncate (1), or acute (2). Fertile lemma lanceolate (1), or elliptic; dorsally compressed; coriaceous; without keel; 5-7 -veined (1/1). Lemma lateral veins obscure (2/2). Lemma surface granulose. Lemma margins eciliate, or ciliolate (1). Lemma apex acute. Palea not rolled (2), or involute (1); 1 length of lemma; coriaceous; 2 -veined (1/1); without keels. FLOWER Lodicules 2 (1/1); fleshy (1/1). Anthers 3. Stigmas 2 (1/1). FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ovoid (1/1). Embryo 0.3 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (1/1). CLEISTOGENES AND VIVIPARY Cleistogenes present; in upper sheaths. DISTRIBUTION Tropical Asia (1), or Australasia.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Tropical Papuasia New Guinea
  • Australasia Australia New South Wales
  • Queensland


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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