Cinna L.
  • Sp. Pl.: 5 (1753) 


Notes: Distribution: N. Europe to Japan, N. & C. U.S.A. to Bolivia

General Description

HABIT Perennial. Rhizomes absent (2), or short (2). Culms erect (2/2); 8-112-200 cm long. Lateral branches lacking (1/1). Ligule an eciliate membrane. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open, or contracted (1). Primary panicle branches not whorled (1), or whorled at most nodes (3). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile (1), or pedicelled (3). Pedicels cuneate (1/1). FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension (2), or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2-4.225-6.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus glabrous (1/1). Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (1), or elongated below proximal fertile floret (3). GLUMES Glumes reaching apex of florets, or exceeding apex of florets (2); thinner than fertile lemma (3), or similar to fertile lemma in texture (1). Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75-0.9125-1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined (3), or 3 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins absent (3), or distinct (1). Lower glume surface smooth (1), or asperulous (2), or scabrous (1). Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 1-1.037-1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined (2), or 2 -veined (1), or 3 -veined (3). Upper glume surface smooth (1), or asperulous (2), or scabrous (1). Upper glume apex acute. FLORETS Fertile lemma lanceolate (1), or ovate (3); membranous (3), or cartilaginous (1); keeled; 3 -veined (3), or 5 -veined (1). Lemma midvein without distinctive roughness (3), or scaberulous (1). Lemma lateral veins obscure (1/1). Lemma surface smooth (2), or granulose (1), or scaberulous (1). Lemma apex acute; muticous (1), or mucronate (2), or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical. Palea 0.9 length of lemma; hyaline (1), or membranous (3); 1 -veined (3), or 2 -veined (2); 1-keeled (3), or 2-keeled (2). Palea keels approximate (2/2); smooth (3), or scaberulous (1). FLOWER Anthers 1 (2), or 2-3 (1). FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong (2/2). DISTRIBUTION Europe (1), or Temperate Asia (1), or North America, or South America (1).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Temperate Caucasus North Caucasus
  • China Manchuria
  • Eastern Asia Japan
  • Korea
  • Mongolia Mongolia
  • Russian Far East Amur
  • Kamchatka
  • Khabarovsk
  • Magadan
  • Primorye
  • Sakhalin
  • Siberia Altay
  • Buryatiya
  • Chita
  • Irkutsk
  • Krasnoyarsk
  • West Siberia
  • Yakutskiya
  • Europe Eastern Europe Baltic States
  • Belarus
  • Central European Russia
  • East European Russia
  • North European Russia
  • Northwest European Russia
  • Northern Europe Finland
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • Northern America Eastern Canada Labrador
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward I.
  • Québec
  • Mexico Mexico Central
  • Mexico Gulf
  • Mexico Northeast
  • Mexico Southeast
  • Mexico Southwest
  • North-Central U.S.A. Illinois
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • North Dakota
  • Oklahoma
  • South Dakota
  • Wisconsin
  • Northeastern U.S.A. Connecticut
  • Indiana
  • Maine
  • Masachusettes
  • Michigan
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode I.
  • Vermont
  • West Virginia
  • Northwestern U.S.A. Colorado
  • Idaho
  • Montana
  • Oregon
  • Washington
  • Wyoming
  • South-Central U.S.A. New Mexico
  • Texas
  • Southeastern U.S.A. Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia
  • Southwestern U.S.A. Arizona
  • California
  • Nevada
  • Utah
  • Subarctic America Alaska
  • Aleutian Is.
  • Northwest Territories
  • Yukon
  • Western Canada Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • Saskatchewan
  • Southern America Central America Costa Rica
  • Guatemala
  • Panamá
  • Northern South America Venezuela
  • Western South America Bolivia
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Peru

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.