Catapodium Link
  • Hort. Berol. 1: 380 (1827) 


Notes: Distribution: Macaronesia, Europe, Medit. to Iran and Djibouti

General Description

HABIT Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending, or decumbent (1); 2-17-40 cm long. Lateral branches lacking (1/1), or sparse (1/1). Ligule an eciliate membrane. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle (2), or composed of racemes. Panicle open (1/2), or contracted (1/2), or spiciform (1/2). Racemes single, or borne along a central axis (1); unilateral. Rhachis angular (2/2). Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; 2 -rowed (1/1). Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile (2), or pedicelled (2). Pedicels oblong (1/2), or cuneate (1/2). FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets (1), or 3 fertile florets (3), or 4-5 fertile florets, or 6-7 fertile florets (3), or 8-10 fertile florets (2), or 11-12 fertile florets (1); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong (3), or obovate (1), or cuneate (1); laterally compressed; 4-6.768-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes glabrous (3), or pilose (1). GLUMES Glumes distichous (3), or oblique (1); persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume linear (1), or lanceolate (3); 0.9-0.9375-1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels (2), or 1-keeled (2); 1-2 -veined (2), or 3 -veined (3), or 5 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins ribbed. Lower glume apex acute (3), or setaceously attenuate (1). Upper glume lanceolate (2), or elliptic (1), or ovate (1); 0.75-0.8625-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; with undifferentiated margins (3), or scarious margins (1); without keels (2), or 1-keeled (2); 3 -veined (3), or 7 -veined (1). Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume apex acute. FLORETS Fertile lemma lanceolate (1), or elliptic (2), or oblong (1); elliptic in profile (1/2), or oblong in profile (1/2); coriaceous; without keel (3), or keeled (1); 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure (1/1). Lemma surface glabrous (3), or hirsute (1). Lemma apex emarginate (1), or obtuse (3); muticous, or mucronate (1). Palea 0.9-0.975-1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels smooth (1), or scaberulous (3). Palea surface glabrous (3), or pubescent (1). Palea apex dentate (1/1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped. FLOWER Lodicules 2 (2/2). Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous. FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid (2/2); concavo-convex (1/1). Embryo 0.2-0.2167-0.25 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (2), or elliptic (2). DISTRIBUTION Europe (2), or Africa, or Temperate Asia (2), or Australasia (2), or North America (1), or South America (1).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Africa Macaronesia Azores
  • Canary Is.
  • Madeira
  • Northeast Tropical Africa Djibouti
  • Northern Africa Algeria
  • Egypt
  • Libya
  • Morocco
  • Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate Arabian Peninsula Oman
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Yemen
  • Caucasus North Caucasus
  • Transcaucasus
  • Western Asia Cyprus
  • East Aegean Is.
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Lebanon-Syria
  • Palestine
  • Sinai
  • Turkey
  • Europe Eastern Europe Krym
  • Middle Europe Belgium
  • Germany
  • Netherlands
  • Switzerland
  • Northern Europe Great Britain
  • Ireland
  • Southeastern Europe Albania
  • Bulgaria
  • Greece
  • Italy
  • Kriti
  • Romania (Doubtful)
  • Sicilia
  • Turkey-in-Europe
  • Yugoslavia
  • Southwestern Europe Baleares
  • Corse
  • France
  • Portugal
  • Sardegna
  • Spain
Introduced into
  • Africa Southern Africa Cape Provinces
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent West Himalaya
  • Australasia Australia New South Wales
  • Norfolk Is.
  • South Australia
  • Tasmania
  • Victoria
  • Western Australia
  • New Zealand New Zealand North
  • New Zealand South
  • Europe Middle Europe Czechoslovakia
  • Northern America Mexico Mexico Northeast
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil South
  • Caribbean Bermuda
  • Southern South America Argentina Northeast
  • Chile Central
  • Chile South
  • Uruguay
  • Western South America Bolivia

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.