Brachychloa S.M.Phillips
  • Kew Bull. 37: 158 (1982) 

Notes: Distribution: S. Trop. & S. Africa

General Description

HABIT Annual (1), or perennial (1). Stolons absent (1), or present (1). Culms erect (1), or decumbent (1); 10-26.25-50 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; unilateral. Rhachis persistent (1), or deciduous from axis (1); angular. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 4-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 4-4.75-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. GLUMES Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.9 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined, or 2-3 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins absent (1), or distinct (1). Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 0.9-0.975-1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3-4 -veined (1), or 5 -veined, or 6-7 -veined (1). Upper glume apex acute. FLORETS Fertile lemma ovate; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined (1), or 5-7 -veined (1). Lemma midvein eciliate, or pubescent (1). Lemma margins eciliate (1), or pubescent (1). Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; mucronate. Palea keels smooth (1), or scaberulous (1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped. FRUIT Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid (1/1); isodiametric (1/1); trigonous (1/1). DISTRIBUTION Africa.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa South Tropical Africa Mozambique
  • Southern Africa KwaZulu-Natal
  • Northern Provinces


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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