Apoclada McClure
  • Fl. Ilustr. Catarin. 1(Gramin., Supl. Bambus.): 57 (1967) 


Notes: Distribution: Brazil

General Description

HABIT Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 500-800 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several; in a horizontal line; with 3 branches dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; without auricles. Culm-sheath blade triangular. Ligule an eciliate membrane. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence comprising only a few spikelets; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 8-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong; laterally compressed; 20-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pubescent. GLUMES Glumes both absent or obscure. FLORETS Fertile lemma ovate; chartaceous; keeled; 9-11 -veined. Lemma surface puberulous; hairy on veins. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 0.8 length of lemma. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped. FLOWER Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3-5. Stigmas 2. Ovary umbonate. FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. DISTRIBUTION South America.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil South
  • Brazil Southeast

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.