Apluda L.
  • Sp. Pl.: 82 (1753) 

Notes: Distribution: Mascarenes, Socotra, Asia to W. Pacific

General Description

HABIT Perennial. Culms decumbent, or prostrate, or scandent; 30-300 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. INFLORESCENCE Synflorescence compound; paniculate. Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal and axillary; subtended by a spatheole; enclosed. Spatheole ovate; membranous. Racemes single; bearing a triad of spikelets. Rhachis obsolete. Spikelets in threes. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels oblong. STERILE SPIKELETS Companion sterile spikelets rudimentary, or well-developed; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes muticous. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 2-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus oblong; base obtuse. GLUMES Glumes exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; coriaceous; without keels; winged on keel; 13 -veined. Lower glume apex dentate; 2 -fid. Upper glume lanceolate; gibbous; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 5-9 -veined. Upper glume apex acute. FLORETS Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; hyaline; 3 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; hyaline; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma apex entire, or lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.6 of lemma length; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; straight, or geniculate. Palea hyaline; 0 -veined; without keels. DISTRIBUTION Africa, or Temperate Asia, or Tropical Asia, or Australasia, or Pacific.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Africa Northeast Tropical Africa Socotra
  • Western Indian Ocean Mauritius
  • Réunion
  • Asia-Temperate Arabian Peninsula Oman
  • China China South-Central
  • China Southeast
  • Hainan
  • Tibet
  • Eastern Asia Japan
  • Nansei-shoto
  • Taiwan
  • Middle Asia Kazakhstan
  • Kirgizistan
  • Tadzhikistan
  • Uzbekistan
  • Western Asia Afghanistan
  • Iraq (Doubtful)
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Assam
  • Bangladesh
  • East Himalaya
  • India
  • Laccadive Is.
  • Maldives
  • Nepal
  • Pakistan
  • Sri Lanka
  • West Himalaya
  • Indo-China Andaman Is.
  • Cambodia
  • Laos
  • Myanmar
  • Nicobar Is.
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Malesia Borneo
  • Cocos (Keeling) Is.
  • Jawa
  • Lesser Sunda Is.
  • Malaya
  • Maluku
  • Philippines
  • Sulawesi
  • Sumatera
  • Papuasia New Guinea
  • Solomon Is.
  • Pacific Northwestern Pacific Caroline Is.
  • Southwestern Pacific New Caledonia
  • Vanuatu
Introduced into
  • Northern America Southeastern U.S.A. Maryland

Included Species


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.