Tricholaena Schrad.
  • J.A.Schultes, Mant. 2: 8, 163 (1824) 

General Description

HABIT Perennial. Culms erect (1), or geniculately ascending (2), or decumbent (2); 10-45.25-120 cm long; firm (3), or wiry (1); rooting from lower nodes (1/1). Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades stiff (2), or firm (3). INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle; exserted (3), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (1). Panicle open. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform (2/2). FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 1.5-2.475-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (2), or elongated between glumes (2). GLUMES Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblate; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined, or 1 -veined (2). Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface glabrous (2), or pilose (3). Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume ovate; membranous; without keels; 3-4 -veined (3), or 5 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous (2), or pilose (3); with simple hairs (2/3), or tubercle-based hairs (1/3). Upper glume apex emarginate (2), or truncate (3), or obtuse (2), or acute (2); muticous (1), or mucronate (3). FLORETS Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; membranous; 5 -veined, or 6-7 -veined (3); emarginate (2), or truncate (3), or obtuse (2), or acute (1); muticous (1), or mucronate (3). Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; cartilaginous; without keel; 3-5 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea cartilaginous; 2 -veined; without keels. FLOWER Anthers 3. DISTRIBUTION Europe (1), or Africa, or Temperate Asia (1), or Tropical Asia (2).


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.