Simplicia Kirk
  • Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 29: 497 (1897) 

General Description

HABIT Perennial. Culms decumbent; 25-41.25-60 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (1), or contracted (1). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets, or 2 fertile florets (1); with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 2.5-2.75-3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. GLUMES Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.7 length of upper glume; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.3-0.4-0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; 1-keeled; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute. FLORETS Fertile lemma ovate; chartaceous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma surface smooth (1), or scaberulous (1); glabrous (1), or pubescent (1). Lemma apex acute; muticous (1), or mucronate. Palea 1 length of lemma; 1-2 -veined; 1-keeled. Palea surface glabrous (1), or pubescent (1). FLOWER Lodicules 2; membranous; with a small lateral lobe. Anthers 2-3 (1). FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ovoid; laterally compressed. Hilum punctiform. DISTRIBUTION Australasia.


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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