Schoenefeldia Kunth
  • Révis. Gramin. 1: 86 (1829) 

General Description

HABIT Annual (1), or perennial (1). Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 15-73.75-120 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes digitate; unilateral. Rhachis flattened. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension (1), or with diminished florets at the apex (1). Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3-4.125-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pilose. GLUMES Glumes persistent; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.6-0.65-0.7 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate; awned. Upper glume lanceolate; 1.2-1.6-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume apex acute; muticous (1), or awned (1); 1 -awned (1/1). FLORETS Fertile lemma elliptic; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous (1), or pilose (1). Lemma margins eciliate (1), or ciliate (1). Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; flexuous. Palea hyaline; 2 -veined. Apical sterile florets 1 in number (1/1); barren (1/1); lanceolate (1/1). Apical sterile lemmas awned (1/1). FLOWER Anthers 3. FRUIT Caryopsis with tardily free pericarp; ellipsoid; laterally compressed. Embryo 0.5-0.55-0.6 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform. DISTRIBUTION Africa, or Temperate Asia (1), or Tropical Asia (1).


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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