Sartidia De Winter
  • Kirkia 3: 137 (1963) 

General Description

HABIT Perennial. Rhizomes absent (4), or short (1). Culms erect (4/4); 30-80-200 cm long. Culm-internodes terete (1/1). Lateral branches lacking (4/4). Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades filiform (1), or linear (4); stiff (1), or firm (4). INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (3), or contracted (2). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; subterete; 15-25.4-40 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; pubescent (4), or pilose (1); obtuse (1), or pungent (3), or 2-toothed (1). GLUMES Glumes persistent; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume linear (1), or lanceolate; 1-1.17-1.5 length of upper glume; hyaline (1), or membranous (1), or chartaceous (3); without keels; 3 -veined (3), or 4 -veined (1), or 5 -veined (3). Lower glume surface smooth (3), or asperulous (1), or scabrous (1). Lower glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (2), or setaceously attenuate (2). Upper glume linear (1), or lanceolate; 1.2-1.45-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous (2), or chartaceous (3); without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth (4), or scabrous (1). Upper glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (1), or acuminate (1), or setaceously attenuate (2). FLORETS Fertile lemma linear (4), or lanceolate (1); subterete; chartaceous (2), or coriaceous (3); of similar consistency on margins (4), or much thinner on margins (1); without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma surface smooth (3), or scaberulous (2); without grooves (4), or with a median groove (1). Lemma margins involute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn straight (3), or curved (1), or 3-branched (1). Lateral lemma awns subequal to principal (4), or shorter than principal (1). Palea 0.1-0.145-0.15 length of lemma. FLOWER Lodicules 2. Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous (4/4). FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear; dorsally compressed (4/4). Embryo 0.2-0.205-0.25 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis. DISTRIBUTION Africa.


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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