Neyraudia Hook.f.
  • Fl. Brit. India 7: 305 (1896) 

Notes: Distribution: Tanzania to Malawi, Madagascar, Indian Subcontinent to China and Malesia

General Description

HABIT Perennial. Rhizomes absent (1), or short (3). Culms erect; robust (1/1); 100-231.2-400 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades persistent (1), or deciduous at the ligule (3); herbaceous (3), or coriaceous (1). INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open. Spikelets appressed (1/1); solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets (1/1); 3 fertile florets (2), or 4-6 fertile florets (3), or 7 fertile florets (2), or 8 fertile florets (1); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7.5-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent (2), or pilose (2). GLUMES Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75-0.8375-1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined (3), or 3 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (3). Upper glume lanceolate; 0.6-0.775-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined (2), or 3 -veined (2). Upper glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (3). FLORETS Basal sterile florets barren (1/1); without significant palea (1/1). Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (1/1); membranous (1/1); 3 -veined (1/1). Fertile lemma lanceolate; membranous (3), or scarious (1), or cartilaginous (1); without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.1-0.15-0.2 of lemma length; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; straight (1), or curved (3). Palea 0.5-0.6833-0.75 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels smooth (2), or scaberulous (2). Palea surface glabrous (3), or pubescent (1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped. FLOWER Lodicules 2; fleshy. Anthers 3. FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear (2/3), or oblong (1/3); isodiametric (3/3); biconvex (2/2). Embryo 0.4 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform. DISTRIBUTION Africa (1), or Temperate Asia (3), or Tropical Asia (3), or North America (1).

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Tanzania
  • South Tropical Africa Malawi
  • West-Central Tropical Africa Zaire
  • Western Indian Ocean Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate China China North-Central
  • China South-Central
  • China Southeast
  • Hainan
  • Tibet
  • Eastern Asia Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Assam
  • East Himalaya
  • India
  • Nepal
  • Pakistan
  • West Himalaya
  • Indo-China Andaman Is.
  • Cambodia
  • Laos
  • Myanmar
  • Nicobar Is.
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Malesia Jawa
  • Lesser Sunda Is.
  • Malaya
  • Sulawesi
  • Sumatera
Introduced into
  • Northern America Mexico Mexico Gulf
  • Southeastern U.S.A. Florida
  • Southern America Caribbean Bahamas


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.