Milium L.
  • Sp. Pl.: 61 (1753) 


Notes: Distribution: Temp. Northern Hemisphere

General Description

HABIT Annual (2), or perennial (4). Rhizomes absent (3), or elongated (3). Culms erect, or geniculately ascending (1), or decumbent (1); 10-64.16-180 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate (1); firm (4), or flaccid (2). INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (3), or contracted (3). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform (3/4), or linear (1/4). FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic (4), or ovate (2); dorsally compressed; 2-3.174-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. GLUMES Glumes persistent; reaching apex of florets (3), or exceeding apex of florets (4); thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic (3), or oblong (2), or ovate (3); 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels, or 1-keeled (1); 3 -veined. Lower glume surface asperulous. Lower glume apex obtuse (1/5), or acute (4/5). Upper glume elliptic (3), or oblong (2), or ovate (3); 1-1.133-1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels, or 1-keeled (1); 3 -veined. Upper glume surface asperulous. Upper glume apex obtuse (1/5), or acute (4/5). FLORETS Fertile lemma elliptic (3), or ovate (3); dorsally compressed; indurate; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea 1 length of lemma; indurate; 2 -veined; without keels. FLOWER Lodicules 2 (5/5). Anthers 3. FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (5/5); ellipsoid (3/3); dorsally compressed (3/3). Embryo 0.2 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (2/5), or elliptic (3/5). DISTRIBUTION Europe (2), or Africa (1), or Temperate Asia, or Tropical Asia (1), or North America (1).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Africa Northern Africa Algeria
  • Libya
  • Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate Caucasus North Caucasus
  • Transcaucasus
  • China China North-Central
  • China South-Central
  • China Southeast
  • Inner Mongolia
  • Manchuria
  • Qinghai
  • Tibet
  • Xinjiang
  • Eastern Asia Japan
  • Korea
  • Taiwan
  • Middle Asia Kazakhstan
  • Kirgizistan
  • Tadzhikistan
  • Turkmenistan
  • Uzbekistan
  • Russian Far East Amur
  • Kamchatka
  • Khabarovsk
  • Kuril Is.
  • Primorye
  • Sakhalin
  • Siberia Altay
  • Buryatiya
  • Irkutsk
  • Krasnoyarsk
  • Tuva
  • West Siberia
  • Yakutskiya
  • Western Asia Afghanistan
  • Cyprus
  • East Aegean Is.
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Lebanon-Syria
  • Palestine
  • Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent East Himalaya
  • Pakistan
  • West Himalaya
  • Europe Eastern Europe Baltic States
  • Belarus
  • Central European Russia
  • East European Russia
  • Krym
  • North European Russia
  • Northwest European Russia
  • South European Russia
  • Ukraine
  • Middle Europe Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Switzerland
  • Northern Europe Denmark
  • Finland
  • Great Britain
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • Southeastern Europe Albania
  • Bulgaria
  • Greece
  • Italy
  • Kriti
  • Romania
  • Sicilia
  • Turkey-in-Europe
  • Yugoslavia
  • Southwestern Europe Corse
  • France
  • Portugal
  • Sardegna
  • Spain
  • Northern America Eastern Canada Labrador
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Québec
  • North-Central U.S.A. Illinois
  • Iowa
  • Minnesota
  • South Dakota
  • Wisconsin
  • Northeastern U.S.A. Connecticut
  • Indiana
  • Maine
  • Masachusettes
  • Michigan
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Vermont
  • West Virginia
  • Southeastern U.S.A. Maryland
  • North Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia
  • Western Canada Manitoba
  • Saskatchewan
Introduced into
  • Northern America Northwestern U.S.A. Idaho

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.