Lycurus Kunth
  • F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 141 (1816) 


Notes: Distribution: Colorado to Guatemala, W. South America to N. Argentina

General Description

HABIT Perennial. Culms erect (2), or geniculately ascending (1), or decumbent (2); 4-30.66-50 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform. Panicle axis bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels fused to each other; linear. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3.5-3.75-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous in a cluster with fused pedicels. GLUMES Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 2 -veined. Lower glume apex awned. Upper glume oblong; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume awned; 1 -awned. FLORETS Fertile lemma elliptic; chartaceous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliate. FLOWER Anthers 3. FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; fusiform. DISTRIBUTION North America, or South America.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Northern America Mexico Mexico Central
  • Mexico Gulf
  • Mexico Northeast
  • Mexico Northwest
  • Mexico Southeast
  • Mexico Southwest
  • North-Central U.S.A. Kansas
  • Oklahoma
  • Northwestern U.S.A. Colorado
  • South-Central U.S.A. New Mexico
  • Texas
  • Southwestern U.S.A. Arizona
  • California
  • Utah
  • Southern America Central America Guatemala
  • Southern South America Argentina Northeast
  • Argentina Northwest
  • Western South America Bolivia
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Peru
Introduced into
  • Northern America Northeastern U.S.A. Maine

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.