Lintonia Stapf
  • Hooker's Icon. Pl. 30: t. 2949 (1911) 

Notes: Distribution: Ethiopia to S. Africa

General Description

HABIT Perennial. Stolons present. Culms erect (1), or decumbent; 22-47.5-75 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes digitate (1), or borne along a central axis (1); unilateral. Rhachis subterete. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; contiguous (1), or lax (1); 2 -rowed (1/1). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile (1), or pedicelled (1). FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 4-7 fertile florets, or 8-10 fertile florets (1); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic (1), or orbicular (1), or cuneate (1); laterally compressed; 5-7.1-11 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets. Floret callus truncate. GLUMES Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.6-0.675-0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels (1), or 1-keeled (1); 0 -veined (1), or 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (1). Upper glume oblong (1), or ovate (1); 0.6-0.675-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels (1), or 1-keeled (1); 1-3 -veined (1). Upper glume apex emarginate (1), or obtuse (1), or acute (1). FLORETS Fertile lemma elliptic (1), or ovate (1), or obovate (1); chartaceous (1), or coriaceous (1); without keel; 5-6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined, or 8-11 -veined (1). Lemma lateral veins obscure (1), or distinct (1). Lemma surface pubescent; hairy on back (1), or between veins (1); with simple hairs (1), or capitate hairs (1). Lemma apex entire (1), or dentate (1); 2 -fid (1/1); emarginate (1/1); awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; straight (1), or flexuous (1). Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels wingless (1), or winged (1); ciliolate (1), or ciliate (1). Palea surface glabrous (1), or pubescent (1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped. FLOWER Lodicules 2; fleshy. FRUIT Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid; flattened; biconvex; smooth. DISTRIBUTION Africa.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Kenya
  • Tanzania
  • Uganda
  • Northeast Tropical Africa Ethiopia
  • Somalia
  • Sudan
  • South Tropical Africa Mozambique
  • Zimbabwe
  • Southern Africa Botswana
  • KwaZulu-Natal
  • Northern Provinces
  • Swaziland


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.