Himalayacalamus falconeri (Hook.f. ex Munro) Keng f.
  • J. Bamboo Res. 2(1): 24 (1983) 

Notes: Distribution: Himalaya to Tibet

General Description

HABIT Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms 400-500 cm long; 15-20 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 20-35 cm long; smooth; distally pruinose. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many. Culm-sheaths 20-30 cm long; 4 times as long as wide; chartaceous; yellow; pubescent; truncate at apex. Culm-sheath ligule brown. Culm-sheath blade linear; reflexed; 7-13 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2 cm long. Leaf-blades linear, or oblong; 7-15 cm long; 12-20 mm wide; dark green. Leaf-blade midrib evident. Leaf-blade venation with 6-8 secondary veins; without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface smooth. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence composed of racemes; subtended by a spatheole; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Racemes 1; single; 2.5 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 5-7 fertile spikelets on each. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension, or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. GLUMES Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; chartaceous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute; muticous, or mucronate. Upper glume oblong; 7-9 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute; muticous, or mucronate. FLORETS Fertile lemma ovate; 8-9 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma margins ciliolate; hairy above. Lemma apex mucronate. Palea 1 length of lemma; 4 -veined. Palea apex pubescent; with excurrent keel veins. Rhachilla extension pilose; hairy at tip. Apical sterile florets distinct from fertile; 1 in number; rudimentary. FLOWER Lodicules 3; veined; ciliate. Anthers 3; purple. Stigmas 3. Ovary glabrous. FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; sulcate on hilar side; apex unappendaged. DISTRIBUTION Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India. Australasia: New Zealand. NOTES Bambuseae. Gamble 1995.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Temperate China Tibet
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent East Himalaya
  • Nepal
  • West Himalaya
Introduced into
  • Australasia New Zealand New Zealand North


  • 1 Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand , ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • 2 Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae. Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • 4 Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • 5 Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • 6 Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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