Hemisorghum C.E.Hubb.
  • N.L.Bor, Grass. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan: 686 (1960) 

Notes: Distribution: India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China

General Description

HABIT Perennial. Culms erect; 76-103-130 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane (1), or a fringe of hairs (1). INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Panicle open. Primary panicle branches whorled at most nodes. Racemes bearing few fertile spikelets; 3-7 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; angular (1), or subterete (1). Rhachis internodes filiform. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform. STERILE SPIKELETS Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes muticous. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3.5-4.662-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pubescent; base obtuse; attached transversely. GLUMES Glumes firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; coriaceous; 2-keeled. Lower glume intercarinal veins absent (1), or distinct (1). Lower glume surface flat; glabrous, or pilose (1). Lower glume apex obtuse. FLORETS Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; membranous; 2 -veined. Fertile lemma elliptic; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma margins ciliolate. Lemma apex entire (1), or dentate; 2 -fid; muticous (1), or awned (1); 1 -awned (1/1). Principal lemma awn from a sinus (1/1); flexuous (1/1). Palea present (1), or absent or minute (1); 1 length of lemma; hyaline (1/1); 0 -veined (1/1); without keels (1/1). FLOWER Lodicules 2; fleshy. DISTRIBUTION Tropical Asia.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent India
  • Sri Lanka
  • Indo-China Laos
  • Myanmar
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.