Dilophotriche (C.E.Hubb.) Jacq.-Fél.
  • J. Agric. Trop. Bot. Appl. 7: 407 (1960) 

Notes: Distribution: W. Trop. Africa

General Description

HABIT Annual (1), or perennial (2). Culms erect (1/1); 30-66.66-120 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (1/1). INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open. Spikelets in pairs (1), or in threes. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster (1), or 3 in the cluster; subequal. Pedicels filiform. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4.15-7.358-12 mm long; falling entire (1), or breaking up at maturity (2); deciduous with the pedicel (1/1); disarticulating below each fertile floret (2/2). Floret callus evident (1), or elongated (2); pubescent (2), or pilose (1); truncate. GLUMES Glumes persistent (2/2); reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface hispid (2), or setose (1). Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface puberulous (1), or hispid (2); with simple hairs (1), or tubercle-based hairs (2). Upper glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (2). FLORETS Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate, or elliptic (1), or oblong (1); chartaceous; 3 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma lanceolate (1), or oblong (2); coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined (2), or 6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (2). Lemma surface pubescent; with a transverse row of hair tufts. Lemma margins involute; interlocking with palea keels. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.25 of lemma length; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate. Lateral lemma awns shorter than principal. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate (2), or contiguous above a sulcus (1); unthickened (2), or thickened (1); wingless (2), or winged (1). FLOWER Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous (1/1). FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid (1/1). Hilum linear (1/1). DISTRIBUTION Africa.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa West Tropical Africa Burkina
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Mali
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone


  • 1 Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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