Chelyocarpus dianeurus (Burret) H.E.Moore
  • Principes 16: 74 (1972) 


Notes: Distribution: Colombia

General Description

Trunk gray, to ca. 5 m. high or more, 6-9 cm. in diam. Leaves ca. 10 or more; sheaths to ca. 3 dm. long, brown.fibrous.margined, the inner ones densely golden appressed. villous; petiole as long as the blade or longer, 1-1.3 m. long, ca. 1.5 cm. wide at base and apex, brown furfuraceous lepidote becoming glabrate; hastula deltoid with incurved margins, ca. 2 cm. high, 2 em. wide; blade green and shining above, silvery below, 0.65-1.12 m. long, to 1.2 m. across, divided centrally to within 15-18 (or 3-5 fide Dugand) cm. of the base, divided laterally to or nearly to the base into 5-7 elongate-cuneate many-ribbed segments 1.2 m. long, 7-25 cm. wide, each again divided into 3-6 acute l-ribbed segments 8-24 cm. long, 2-4.5 cm. wide, these with the midrib prominent below, the midrib, a lateral nerve on each side, and numerous oblique cross-veinlets evident above, lower surface covered with a continuous layer of thin white membranous scale3, these rubbing off on contact. Inflorescences several among the leaves, to ca. 8 dm. long; peduncle ca. 5 dm. long, flattened at base, brown tomentose when protected, bearing a prophyll inserted ca. 21 cm. above the base and 2 sterile bracts at intervals of ca. 14. and 10 cm. respectively, these (fide Burret) to 25 cm. long, oblonglanceolate, densely dull gray-whitetomentose outside; rachis ca. 35 cm. long with ca. 50 simple rachillae, the lowest to 16 em. long, upper shorter, each subtended by a small fertile bract. Flowers sessile or on a low tubercle, subtended by a short bract; perianth 2.5 mm. high; sepals 4, ovate or nearly semiorbicular, slightly imbricate, rounded at apex; petals 4, longer than the sepals, ovate-oblong or oblong, rounded; stamens 8 (-9) , filaments flattened, broad basally, narrowed above, nearly filiform at the anthers, these oblong; carpels 2 or rarely 1. Fruit greenish or probably yellowish or whitish at full maturity, globose or subglobose, 1.8-2.0 cm. wide, 1.7-2.0 cm. high; epicarp not tessellate; mesocarp whitish, ca. 1.5-2 mm. thick when fresh: seed depressed-globose, ca. 1.6 cm. wide, 1.3 cm. high, the seed coat thickened and slightly intruded on either side of the hilum; embryo in lower third; germination remote-tubular with 1 scale leaf and bifid eophyll.

Distribution

Western Colombia at elevations near sea level as an undergrowth palm in low rainforest, usually on slopes.

Uses

According to Archer, local Amerindians make pillows from the indument of sheath and petiole base.

Common Names

Noli fide Archer, but this name is elsewhere applied to Elaeis oleifera fide Dugand; quitasol but this name also used for Mauritia (d. Dugand) and probably other fan palms.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Western South America Colombia

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. Continental Publishing, Deurne.
  • 3 H.E. Moore, Chelyocarpus and its Allies Cryosophila and Itaya (Palmae). 1972

 Information From

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
http://www.palmweb.org
Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
  • A Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(tm)
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • C See http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use for Terms and conditions of use All Rights Reserved
TreeBASE
http://treebase.org/treebase-web/home.html
  • D All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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