Philodendron rimachii Croat
  • Willdenowia 36: 888 (2006) 


Notes: Distribution: Peru

General Description

Terrestrial [description from dried material]. Internodes short, 1-1.5 cm long, drying dark black, closely ribbed longitudinally. Cataphylls green, unribbed, (5.5-)7-13.5 cm, 1 or 2 persisting at upper nodes. Leaves erect with pendent blades; petioles subterete, 11-43 cm long (averaging 27.7 cm), drying black; blades triangular-ovate-subsagittate, drying dark brownish black above, paler and dark greyish below, 18-38 cm long (averaging 28 cm), 5-22 cm wide (averaging 14.5 cm), 1.9 times longer than wide, shallowly to moderately lobed at base; anterior lobe 13-31 cm long (averaging 24.4 cm); posterior lobes 2.5-12 cm long (averaging 7.4 cm); sinus usually arcuate to parabolic, rarely V-shaped, 0.5-8 cm deep (averaging 3.6 cm); midrib flattened and concolourous above, drying darker than surface above, reddish brown and darker than surface below; midrib narrowly rounded and slightly paler above, narrowly rounded and paler below; basal veins 2-5 (averaging 3), usually 1st and sometimes 2nd basal vein free to the base, 2nd-3rd and 4th usually fused for 1.3 cm; posterior rib not at all naked or sometimes weakly naked near petiole; primary lateral veins 3-8 pairs per side (averaging 5), departing midrib at 35-50° angle. Inflorescence 1-2 per axil; peduncle 6-10 cm long, drying 0.2-0.3 cm in diam., dark brown, matte. Spathe (4-)5.2-7.5 cm long, tube green, ellipsoid, (2.5-)3-4 cm long; blade white with reddish purple spots, (1.5-)2-4.5 cm long. Spadix to 6.7 cm long, 0.6-0.7 cm stipitate; pistillate portion 1.3 cm long, 0.5-0.6 cm in diam. on drying; staminate portion 4-4.7 cm long, 1.7 cm in diam. on sterile staminate segment, to 1.7 cm in diam. at constricted area. Ovary 5 mm long, 4-5-locular; ovules 1-2 per locule, attached basally, surrounded by a broad envelope; funicle about as long as the ovule, attached about midway on the ovule. Infructescence with peduncle to 14 cm long, spathe tube to 5.2 cm long, 3.5 cm in diam. Seeds c. 8-10 per locule, cylindrical, drying dark brown, 1.5 mm long, 0.5 mm in diam., with both sides enveloped by a spongy appendage extending along the entire edge and making the seeds 1-1.2 mm wide with the opposite sides of the seeds exposed, the ends usually overtopped by the spongy appendage.

Diagnostic Description

Planta terrestris; internodia brevia, 1-1.5 cm diam.; cataphylla viridia, (5.5-)7-13.5 cm longa, decidua; petiolus 11-43 cm longus; lamina triangulari-ovato-subsagittata, 18-38 cm longa, 5-22 cm lata; lobulis posterioribus 2.5-12 cm longis, nervis primariis lateralibus 3-8 utroque; inflorescentia 1-2 per quoque axillam, pedunculo 6-10 cm longo; spatha (4-)5.2-7.5 cm longa, tubo viride, lamina alba; spadix 6.7 cm longus.

Distribution

Philodendron rimachii is endemic to the Loreto Department in Peru, along the Amazon River between Iquitos and Yanomono at 90-150 m elevation, in mature tropical moist forest (Holdridge 1967) along small streams on mud, in swamps over clay or white sand, or in mature upland forest on poorly drained, sandy or lateritic soils.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Southern America Western South America Peru

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Croat, T. & Yu, G. Four new species of Philodendron (Araceae) from South America. Willdenowia. Mitteilungen aus dem Botanischen Garten und Museum Berlin-Dahlem. Berlin-Dahlem 36, 894 (2006).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
http://data.gbif.org
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eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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