Philodendron kroemeri Croat
  • Novon 15: 93 (2005) 


Notes: Distribution: Bolivia

General Description

Appressed-climbing hemiepiphtye; internodes short, 5-6 cm long, to 3 cm diam., drying dark yellow-brown, narrowly ridged longitudinally; cataphyll 22 cm long, sharply 2-costate, medium green, obscurely darker green-lineate, marcescent and persistent semi-intact at least at the upper nodes, drying light yellowish brown, soon deciduous. LEAVES: Petioles 43 cm long, subterete, medium dark green and semiglossy, obtusely flattened adaxially, unmarked, drying dark brown to blackened, 8-10 cm diam., matte. Leaf blades broadly ovate, 42.5 cm long, 28.5 cm wide, 1.5 times longer than wide, subcoriaceous, dark green and weakly glossy to semiglossy above, slightly paler and semiglossy below, abruptly short-acuminate at apex, deeply lobed at base, drying dark blackish brown above, slightly paler and dark yellow-brown below; anterior lobe 32.5 cm long, the margins broadly convex; posterior lobes 12.5-14 cm long, 10 cm wide; basal veins 6 to 7 pairs, the 1st pair free or nearly so to base, 3rd and higher order basal veins coalesced 1.5-4 cm; posterior rib scarcely naked, mostly to ca. 1 cm; midrib broadly convex and concolorous to slightly paler above, convex to narrowly rounded and slightly paler below, drying slightly darker than surface above, moderately darker and irregularly and finely striate below; primary lateral veins 6 pairs, arising at 55° angle near apex, to 65°-85° angle in lower half of blade, convex, darker than surface, sometimes drying blackened and much darker than surface; minor veins moderately indistinct with a few visible, drying close and fine but not markedly visible. INFLORESCENCES 3 to 7 per axil; peduncle (1.5)4-7.7 cm long, 9 mm diam., pale green at base, darker green toward apex, dark brown to blackened on drying; spathe white at an-thesis, becoming pale green, greenish white and glossy inside, 4.5-5.5 cm long, 6-9 mm diam., abruptly pointed at apex, drying blackened to dark brown; spadix 4.8-5.2 cm long; staminate portion 1.2-2.1 <;m long, 6 mm diam.; sterile staminate portion not obvious on live material; pistillate portion 3.0 cm long in front, 2.3-2.6 cm long in back, 6.5-7 mm diam. at base, 6.0 mm diam. at apex. Pistils bottle-shaped, subterete to rhombic in cross section, the upper 1 mm tapered inward, 1.0-1.7 mm diam.; locules 4 to 5 per ovary; ovules 1 per locule, 0.6-0.9 mm long, 0.3-0.4 mm diam.; placentation basal; funicle shorter than ovule; stigma 0.5-0.7 mm diam., 2-3 mm thick; androecium 1.0-1.7 mm diam., broadly convex at apex, subrounded to irregularly angular, 4- to 5(6)-sided, the angles broadly rounded. Fruits not known.

Diagnostic Description

Characterized by its persistent, more or less intact cataphylls, terete, dark brown to black-drying petiole, broadly ovate, dark blackish brown-drying blades, and cluster of 3 to 7 inflorescences.

Distribution

Known from Bolivia at the Cotapata National Park in La Paz and Peru at Pasco Province (Oxa-pampa).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Southern America Western South America Bolivia

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 ,, Croat, T.Bernard & , New species of Araceae from Bolivia and the Tropical Andes Novon. 15(1), (2005).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
http://data.gbif.org
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eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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