Philodendron carinatum E.G.Gonç.
  • Kew Bull. 60: 129 (2005) 


Notes: Distribution: Brazil (Amapá)

General Description

Herb scandent. Stem laterally flattened, strongly attached to the host tree, internodes 0.6-1.4 x 1.2-2.4 cm, greyish, intravaginal squamules deciduous, small. LEAVES numerous (10-12) per plant; prophylls deciduous, 10.5-14 x 2.5-4 cm without visible nectaries, strongly 2-keeled, keels wavy ; petioles 6-9 cm long, 1.4-2 cm diam. at apex, green with an apical red ring, strongly flattened dorsiventraly, margins strongly keeled laterally, upper fourth of the keel strongly wavy; leaf blade obovate, 28.5-32 cm long, 10.5-12.5 cm wide, dark semiglossy green above, light semiglossy green below; drying brown, primary lateral nerves 7-8 per side, arising at an angle of 50-60o, slightly discolorous and impressed adaxially, clearer than the leaf blade, concolorous and slightly prominent abaxially; apex acuminated, base obtuse to rounded. INFLORESCENCES 2-3 per axill; peduncle 6-7 x 0.7-0.9 cm; spathe 8-9 cm long, moderately constricted at anthesis, tube 4.5-5 cm long, 2.3-2.5 cm in diam., green outside, white inside with delicate reddish stripes, producing resinous droplets at anthesis, lamina 4.5 cm long, 3-3.5 cm wide at anthesis, green outside, white inside, apex shortly acuminate; spadix 7.5-8.5 cm long, fertile male portion 4.3-4.5 x 0.6-0.7 cm, producing ocasional droplets of resin, obtuse at apex with 3-4 rows of sterile flowers, sterile male portion 0.6-0.7 x 1-1.1 cm, thicker than the fertile male portion, female portion 2.8-3 x 0.8-1 cm, adnate to spathe for 30-40% of its length. Flowers: male flowers prismatic, 3-4-andric, 1-1.5 x 1-1.5 mm; staminodes subprismatic to obpiramidal, 2-2.5 x 1 mm, gynoecium prismatic, c. 2-2.5 mm long, stigma hemispherical, c. 1 mm diam., ovary 6-8 locular, locules 2-4 ovulated, placentation sub-basal, funicles as long as ovules. INFRUCTESCENCE unknown.

Distribution

Brazil, Endemic to Porto Grande, Amapá.

Conservation

Data Deficient (DD). Further collections are needed to allow complete evaluation of this species.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North

  Bibliography

  • 1 Giulietti & al. (2009). Plantas raras do Brasil: 1-496. Conservação International, Belo Horizonte, MG.
  • 2 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. (2005). Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron. Kew Bulletin 60: 465-513.
  • 3 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.Joseph & Zappi, D.C. Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron section Macrobelium Kew Bull. 60, (2005).
  • 4 Gonçalves, E.G. A remarkable new species of Philodendron (Araceae) from northern Brazil. Kew Bull. 60, (2005).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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