Scadoxus Raf.
  • Fl. Tellur. 4: 19 (1838) 

Notes: Distribution: Trop. & S. Africa, Arabian Pen.

General Description

Rhizomatous or bulb with a distinct rhizomatous part. Petioles often sheathing and forming a false stem; leaf-blade lanceolate to ovate, glabrous, thin apart from midrib. Scape solid, lateral or apparently central among the leaves; involucral bracts 4–many, soon drooping and withering or erect and conspicuous at anthesis. Flowers many, regular, red to pink, with tube and free segments, usually erect and hypocrateriform, more rarely pendulous and infundibuliform; segments with±distinctglandular hairs at apex. Filaments from the base of the perianth-segments, filiform or flattened. Ovary globose, with 1–2 ovules per locule; style with undivided to minutely tricuspidate stigma. Fruit a globose berry, orange to red. Seeds 1–3, globose, with pale testa.

Notes: The regretable loss in tropical Africa of the familiar name Haemanthus has been necessitated by morphological and cytological investigations, which show that the name has to be reserved for South African species with a true bulb and uniformly thick, lorate, sometimes hairy, distichous leaves. All species of Scadoxus have 2n=18, Haemanthus 2n=16.


Fl. Tell. part 4: 19 (1838); Friis & Nordal in Norw. Journ. Bot. 23: 64 (1976)

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Found in
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Kenya
  • Tanzania
  • Uganda
  • Northeast Tropical Africa Chad
  • Djibouti
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • Somalia
  • Sudan
  • South Tropical Africa Angola
  • Malawi
  • Mozambique
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Southern Africa Botswana
  • Cape Provinces
  • Free State
  • KwaZulu-Natal
  • Namibia
  • Northern Provinces
  • Swaziland
  • West Tropical Africa Benin
  • Burkina
  • Gambia, The
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Ivory Coast
  • Liberia
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Togo
  • West-Central Tropical Africa Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Congo
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Gabon
  • Gulf of Guinea Is.
  • Rwanda
  • Zaire
  • Western Indian Ocean Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate Arabian Peninsula Oman (Doubtful)
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Yemen
Introduced into
  • Africa Western Indian Ocean Chagos Archipelago
  • Northern America Mexico Mexico Central
  • Mexico Gulf


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Inger Nordal University of Oslo (1982) Amaryllidaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa

 Information From

Flora of Tropical East Africa (FTEA)
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 2004. eFloras: Iridaceae. [online] Available at: [Accessed 2013-08-02]
  • A All Rights Reserved
  • B
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
  • C All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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