Scadoxus cinnabarinus (Decne.) Friis & Nordal
  • Norweg. J. Bot. 23: 64 (1976) 

Notes: Distribution: Trop. Africa

General Description

Herb up to 60 cm., with a short rhizome bearing almost distichously arranged leaves. Petioles not forming a false stem; leaf-blade narrowly lanceolate (to ovate outside East Africa), acute and attenuate (to obtuse and truncate outside East Africa); leaves and flowers simultaneous. Scape 15–40 cm. Involucral bracts early drooping and withering. Inflorescence conical to globose, with ± 15–100 pale red flowers. Pedicels 1.5–4.5 cm. long, drooping as fruit develops. Perianth-tube cylindrical, 1–1.5 cm. long (outside East Africa down to 3 mm.); segments spreading, ± lanceolate, 1–3 cm. long, (1.5–) 3–7 mm. broad, 5–nerved. Filaments filiform, 2–3.5 cm. long; anthers 2–3 mm. Berries 1–2 cm. in diameter.

NOTE. The Uganda material of S. cinnabarinus represents an especially long-tubed and narrow-leaved form of a widespread and heterogenous species. Lack of discontinuity makes specific or subspecific delimitation impossible. A full list of the rather numerous synonyms is given by Bjørnstad & Friis, loc. cit.


HAB. Lowland rain-forest, riverine forest or mixed deciduous forest near streams; 1000–1500 m.


; W. Africa from Sierra Leone to Zaire and Angola

DISTR. U2, 4

  • Uganda
    • Bunyoro District:: Budongo, Siba Forest, 17 Apr. 1945, Greenway & Eggeling 7351!
    • Masaka District:: near mouth of Kagera R., 8 Feb. 1904, Bagshawe 558!
    • Mengo District:: near Muduma, 4 Apr. 1951, Dawkins 725!

Type Material

Type: Gabon, original material lost; t. 1195 of Fl. des Serres, sér. 2, lecto.


in Norw. Journ. Bot. 23: 64 (1976).

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Africa East Tropical Africa Uganda
  • South Tropical Africa Angola
  • West Tropical Africa Ghana
  • Ivory Coast
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Sierra Leone
  • West-Central Tropical Africa Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Congo
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Gabon
  • Gulf of Guinea Is.
  • Zaire


  • 1 Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo). Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • 2 Lejoly, J., Ndjele, L. & Geerinck, D. (2008). Flore de la Tshopo (RD Congo). Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 24: 1-37.
  • 3 Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon. Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • 4 Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo , ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • 5 (1986). Flore du Gabon 28: 1-60. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • 6 Inger Nordal University of Oslo (1982) Amaryllidaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • 7 Nordal, I. (1982). Amaryllidaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-30.
  • 8 Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • 9 Geerinck, D. (1973). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Amaryllidaceae: 1-23. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.

 Information From

Flora of Tropical East Africa (FTEA)
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 2004. eFloras: Iridaceae. [online] Available at: [Accessed 2013-08-02]
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Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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