Butia purpurascens Glassman
  • Principes 23: 67 (1979) 

Notes: Distribution: Brazil (SW. Goiás, W. Minas Gerais)

General Description

Small trees 1.2-4 m tall, about 15 em in diam.; sheathing leaf base and petiole not clearly separated, combined length of about 4.9 cm; margins of petiole densely fibrous on lower half, becoming less fibrous toward base of rachis, not armed with teeth or spines; rachis of leaf 84-122 cm long; pinnae 52-58 on each side, more or less evenly spaced, middle ones 44-60 em long, 1.6-1.8 cm wide, with long-acuminate, asymmetrical tips; expanded part of spathe frequently purplish, 71-80 em long, 8-9 em wide, smooth or striate, peduncular part 30-37 cm long; branched part of spadix frequently purplish, 60-64 em long, peduncular part 41-48 em long, rachillae about 50 or more, each 23-26 cm long; pistillate flowers more or less globose, frequently purplish, 5-6 mm long, 4.5-5 mm in diam sepals and petals about equal in size; staminate flowers frequently purplish, lower ones 6-7 mm long, with prominent pseudopedicel and calyx 2-4 mm long, upper ones 4-4.5 mm long with calyx 1.5-2.5 mm long; fruit ovoid, usually purplish. 2.3-2.9 em long, 1.0-1.3 em in diam., beak 4-5 mm long, persistent perianth 7-8 mm high, locules 1-2, mature seeds not seen.

Diagnostic Description

Palma 1.2-4 m alta. Folia aequaliter pinnatisecta petiolo non dentato rachidi 84-122 em longa pinnis utrimque 52-58. Spatha spadix flo res fructus purpuraseens. Spathae pars inflata non plicata 71-80 em longa 8-9 em lata. Flores masculi inferiores 6-7 mm longi superiores 4-4.5 mm longi; flores feminei 5-6 mm longi 4.5-5.0 mm lati. Fructus 2.3-2.9 em longus 1.0-1.3 em in diam.


At present, only known from cerrados in the state of Goias.

Common Names

None recorded.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil Southeast
  • Brazil West-Central


  • 1 Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. Continental Publishing, Deurne.
  • 4 S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979

 Information From

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
  • A Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(tm)
  • C See http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use for Terms and conditions of use All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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