Philodendron stenolobum E.G.Gonç.
  • Aroideana 25: 3 (2002 publ. 2003) 


Notes: Distribution: Brazil (Espírito Santo)

General Description

STEM decumbent or semi-erect, rarely branching 0.5-1.5 m tall, 3-10 cm thick; adventitious roots abundant, with lenti-cels; internodes 1-2 mm long, brown; pro-phyll scars 2-8 mm long, lighter than the internodes; intmvaginal squamules deciduous; foliage leaf scars rounded to transverse elliptic, 1.2-1.5 cm long, 2.1-2.3 cm wide, concolorous with prophyll scars. LEAF: 8-12 per crown; prophyll 35-40 cm long, 6-8 cm wide at base; petiole 68-77 cm long, subequaling the leaf blade, 1 cm diam. at apex, sulcate adaxially with rounded margins; leaf blade triangular in outline, upper surface dark green, semi-glossy, margins entire, drying brown, overall length 50-90 cm, overall width 24-40 cm, usually wider below petiole attachment; anterior division 37.5-79 cm long, 14-29 cm wide, apex acute to shortly acuminate; primary lateral veins 4-5 per side, regularly spaced, paler than lamina in both surfaces, arising at an angle of 50-70°; posterior divisions 25-26 cm long, 0.42-0.55 X overall blade length, 24-40 cm wide, basal ribs denuded for 2.5-5 cm, tip rounded, primary acroscopic veins 1-2, primary basioscopic lobes usually absent, rarely 1-5 poorly developed, basioscopic lamina area -well developed, sinus between posterior divisions rhomboidal. INFLORESCENCE: peduncle 5.5-8 cm long, 1-1.3 cm diam at apex; spathe 18 cm long, 5.5 cm diam at middle, light glossy green on outer surface, white on inner surface; spadix 18 cm long, fertile male zone 5 cm, cm diam., subcylindric, sterile male zone 7 cm, longer than fertile male zone cm diam., thicker basally, conspicuously thicker than fertile male zone, female zone 6 cm, 2.5 cm diam. FLOWERS: stamens 4-6 mm long, 0.8 mm diam. at apex; staminodes 5-6 mm long, longest at base of sterile zone, at apex 1-1.2 mm diam., subprismatic, usually flattened tapering gradually and then abruptly to base; gynoecium 3-4.5 mm long, ovary cylindric, 1-1.5 mm diam., locules 7-8 per ovary, ovules 2-3 per locule, style body slightly narrower than the ovary, central dome absent, stigma 1.5-2 mm diam. FRUIT unknown.

Habitat

Hemiepiphyte in forest or occasionally terrestrial in open areas.

Distribution

Brazil (Espírito Santo).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil Southeast

  Bibliography

  • 1 Nadruz Coelho, M.A. (2010). A família Araceae na reserva natural Vale, Linhares, Espírito Santo, Brasil. Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão , n.s., 28: 41-87.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Gonçalves, E.G." & Salviani, E.R." New species and changing concepts of Philodendron subgenus Meconostigma (Araceae). Aroideana. 25, (2002).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.