Philodendron paludicola E.G.Gonç. & Salviani
  • Aroideana 25: 2 (2002 publ. 2003) 


Notes: Distribution: Brazil (Espírito Santo)

General Description

STEM erect, sometimes branching 0.5-2 m tall, 6-8 cm thick; adventitious roots rarely seen above ground level, with prominent lenticels; internodes 1-10 mm long, green when young, turning silvery gray; propbyll scars 2-7 mm long, concolorous with the internodes; intravaginal squamules not persistent; foliage leaf scars rounded to transverse elliptic, 3-4.6 cm long, 5-6.5 cm wide, concolorous with true internodes. LEAF: 8-10 per crown; prophyll 35-49 cm long, 12-14 cm wide at base; petiole 40-45 cm long, clear green with darker longitudinal stripes, subequaling the leaf blade, 1-1.2 cm at apex, sulcate adaxially with sharply angled margins; leaf blade ovate to triangular in outline, upper surface dark green, semiglossy, margins repand to sinuately lobed, overall length 43-45 cm, overall width 39-43 cm, usually wider below petiole attachment; anterior division 32-34 cm long, 39-41 cm wide, apex acute to shortly acuminate; primary lateral lobes 3-4 per side, subtriangular to rounded, somewhat oblique, basal primary lateral lobes 2-5.5 cm long, 5-6 cm wide, shorter towards apex; primary lateral veins 4 per side, regularly spaced, paler than lamina in both surfaces, arising at an angle of 50-60°; posterior divisions 10-14 cm long, 0.3-0.4 X overall blade length, 39-43 cm wide, basal ribs denuded for 3-5-4 cm, tip rounded, primary acros-copic lobes 2-3, primary basioscopic lobes 2-3, much shallower than acroscopic lobes, basioscopic area of lamina well developed, sinus between posterior divisions parabolic. INFLORESCENCE: peduncle 8-10 cm long, 2-2.5 cm diam at apex; spathe 20.5-22 cm long, 5-5.5 cm diam at middle, dark glossy green on outer surface, white on inner surface; spadix 16-18.5 cm long, fertile male zone 6 cm long, 2.5 cm diam., subcylindric, sterile male zone 8 cm, usually longer than fertile male zone, 4 cm diam., thicker basally, female zone 4.5 cm long, 2.5 cm diam. FLOWERS: stamens 5-8 mm long, 1-1.2 mm diam. at apex; staminodes 5-7 mm long, longest at base of sterile zone, at apex 1-1.5 mm diam., clavate, usually flattened, tapering gradually and then abruptly to base; gynoecium 4-5 mm long, ovary cylindric, 2-2.5 mm diam., locules 4-7 per ovary, ovules 3-4 per locule, inserted from base to upper third of ovary axis, style crown strongly lobed, style body slightly narrower than the ovary, central dome absent, stigma 2 mm diam. FRUIT unknown.

Habitat

Helophytic plants, growing in coastal marshes and ponds frequently associated with Montrichardia linifera (Arruda) Schott, (water pH 5.0, fide Sucre).

Distribution

Brazil (Espírito Santo).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil Southeast

  Bibliography

  • 1 Nadruz Coelho, M.A. (2010). A família Araceae na reserva natural Vale, Linhares, Espírito Santo, Brasil. Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão , n.s., 28: 41-87.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Gonçalves, E.G." & Salviani, E.R." New species and changing concepts of Philodendron subgenus Meconostigma (Araceae). Aroideana. 25, (2002).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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