Scindapsus Schott
  • H.W.Schott & S.L.Endlicher, Melet. Bot.: 21 (1832) 


Notes: Distribution: Trop. & Subtrop. Asia, N. Australia, W. Pacific

General Description

HABIT : evergreen climbing herbs, sometimes very robust, sometimes producing flagelliform shoots, shoots with leaves evenly spaced or forming rosulate flowering zones separated by zones with elongated internodes and smaller leaves. LEAVES : many, juvenile plants often of shingle form. PETIOLE : geniculate apically, sheath usually broad, rarely decomposing to form persistent net-fibrous mass with abundant, stinging sclereids. BLADE : always entire, lanceolate, elliptic or ovate to obovate, acuminate, rarely variegated; primary lateral veins hardly differentiated, pinnate, running into marginal vein, secondaries and also sometimes tertiaries parallel-pinnate, higher order venation inconspicuous, transverse-reticulate. INFLORESCENCE : always solitary. PEDUNCLE : shorter than petiole. SPATHE : boat-shaped, gaping only slightly, caducous to deciduous. SPADIX : sessile to shortly stipitate, cylindric, narrowly ellipsoid or clavate, a little shorter than spathe. FLOWERS : bisexual, perigone absent. STAMENS : 4, filaments oblong, flattened, broadish, connective slender, thecae oblong-ellipsoid, dehiscing by apical slit. POLLEN : fully zonate, hamburger-shaped, medium-sized (mean 38 µm., range 33-45 µm.), exine shallowly and sparsely punctate, scabrate or nearly psilate. GYNOECIUM : ovary sometimes short, compressed ± cylindric, 1-locular, ovules 1(-2), anatropous, funicle short, placenta basal, stylar region well-developed, prismatic, truncate or with shortly conic central projection supporting stigma, stigma globose, elongate-globose, elliptic, linear, or punctiform. BERRY : stylar region deciduous when mature, red. SEED : rounded, subreniform, compressed, testa thickish, sparsely verruculose or smooth, embryo curved, endosperm present (Seubert 1993).

Diagnostic Description

Evergreen, climbing hemiepiphytes; trichosclereids abundant; petiole sheath usually broad and extending almost to apical geniculum; leaf blade always entire and non-perforated, visible finer venation parallel-pinnate; spathe deciduous after flowering; flowers bisexual, perigone absent; ovary 1-locular, ovules amphitropous to anatropous, solitary, basal; seed rounded, subreniform, compressed.

Habitat

Tropical humid forest or dry, deciduous or evergreen forest; climbing hemiepiphytes, also creeping over rocks, often terrestrial when juvenile, rarely rheophytic (S. rupestris).

Distribution

Trop. & Subtrop. Asia, N. Australia, W. Pacific.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Asia-Temperate China Hainan
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Assam
  • Bangladesh
  • East Himalaya
  • India
  • Nepal
  • Indo-China Andaman Is.
  • Cambodia
  • Laos
  • Myanmar
  • Nicobar Is.
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Malesia Borneo
  • Jawa
  • Malaya
  • Maluku
  • Philippines
  • Sulawesi
  • Sumatera
  • Papuasia New Guinea
  • Solomon Is.
  • Australasia Australia Queensland
  • Pacific Northwestern Pacific Caroline Is.

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Gardens, K.""Royal Bot World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. (2008).
  • 3 Mayo, S.J., Bogner, J. & Boyce, P.C. The Genera of Araceae. (Royal Botanic Gardens Kew: 1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
http://data.gbif.org
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eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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