Schippia Burret
  • Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 867 (1933) 


Notes: Distribution: C. America

General Description

Moderate, solitary, unarmed, pleonanthic, hermaphroditic or polygamo-monoecious palm. Stem slender, longitudinally striate, rough, with raised, close, oblique leaf scars. Leaves induplicate, palmate to very shortly costapalmate; sheath split basally, densely tomentose, disintegrating to form a thick fibrous network; petiole very long, narrow, adaxially channelled and abaxially keeled basally, biconvex distally, sparsely to densely tomentose, margins acute; adaxial hastula triangular or rounded, rather large, abaxial hastula a low rounded ridge; blade divided to below the middle into narrow, tapering, single-fold segments, with pointed, unequal, very shortly bifid apices, lighter coloured beneath, appearing glabrous on both surfaces, midrib conspicuous abaxially, transverse veinlets inconspicuous, very short. Inflorescences solitary, interfoliar, much shorter than the leaves, branched to 2 (rarely 3) orders; peduncle moderate, dorsiventrally flattened; prophyll tubular, elongate, adaxially flattened, abaxially rounded, 2-keeled laterally, pointed, splitting unevenly apically, densely tomentose; peduncular bracts 3, ± like the prophyll but ± keeled dorsally; rachis about as long as the peduncle, glabrous; rachis bracts tubular, pointed, splitting adaxially, densely tomentose; other bracts membranous, pointed, small and inconspicuous; first-order branches adnate above the subtending bracts; rachillae short, narrow, spirally arranged, spreading, becoming smaller distally, bearing small triangular bracts each subtending a solitary flower. Flowers of two kinds, one hermaphoditic, the other staminate; calyx and receptacle forming a long pseudopedicel, calyx tubular basally with 3 triangular-lanceolate lobes; petals 3, distinct, much larger than the calyx, slightly imbricate; stamens 6, filaments distinct, elongate, anthers linear, sagittate basally, dorsifixed, versatile, latrorse; gynoecium unicarpellate, ovoid, style elongate, tubular, open distally with stigmatic area around the rim, ovule basal, probably hemianatropous. Pollen ellipsoidal, with slight to obvious asymmetry; aperture a distal sulcus; ectexine tectate, finely rugulate and micro-channelled, aperture margin psilate or scabrate; infratectum columellate; longest axis 30–35 µm [1/1]. Fruit globose with apical stigmatic scar; epicarp smooth, mesocarp thin, fleshy, endocarp smooth, membranous with anastomosing bundles. Seed globose with indistinct basal raphe, endosperm homogeneous; embryo nearly apical. Germination remote; eophyll simple. Cytology: 2n = 36.

Diagnostic Description

Monotypic fan palm found only in Belize and Guatemala, distinct in the long-pedicellate flowers and large pale green fruit.

Morphology

Leaf anatomy not studied, roots (Seubert 1997), floral (Morrow 1965).

Biology

Occurring in the undergrowth of tropical rain forest.

Distribution

One species in Belize and Guatemala.

Uses

Occasionally cultivated.

Common Names

Pimento palm.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Central America Belize
  • Guatemala

Included Species

  Bibliography

  • 1 J. Dransfield & N. Uhl & C. Asmussen & W.J. Baker & M. Harley & C. Lewis, Genera Palmarum. The evolution and classification of palms. 2008
  • 2 Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
http://www.palmweb.org
Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
  • A Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
  • B http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • D See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.