Pycnospatha Thorel ex Gagnep.
  • Bull. Soc. Bot. France 88: 511 (1941) 

Notes: Distribution: Indo-China

General Description

HABIT : seasonally dormant herbs with subglobose tuber. LEAVES : 1-2. PETIOLE : smooth, rough or aculeate, mottled, sheath very short, inconspicuous. BLADE : trisect, anterior division trifid, segments simple to pinnatifid, posterior divisions bifid to pedatifid, segments simple to pinnatifid, ultimate lobes decurrent, ovate-elliptic to triangular, acute to acuminate; primary lateral veins pinnate, running into distinct marginal vein, higher order venation reticulate. INFLORESCENCE : solitary, appearing before or with leaf. PEDUNCLE : much shorter than petiole, similar in appearance and texture to petiole. SPATHE : margins not overlapping, strongly fornicate, thick, ± purple, marcescent. SPADIX : much shorter than spathe, conic to ovoid-conic, stipitate, fertile to apex, flowering sequence basipetal. FLOWERS : bisexual, perigone absent. STAMENS : ca. 6 or more per flower, crowded densely together with those of neighbouring flowers, filaments free, oblong, flattened, connective slender, thecae oblong-ellipsoid, dehiscing by apical, pore-like slit. POLLEN : monosulcate, ellipsoid to oblong, medium-sized (mean 34 µm.), exine subreticulate to rugulate. GYNOECIUM : elongated-flask-shaped, ovary 1-locular, ovule 1, anatropous to hemianatropous, funicle short, placenta basal to subparietal, style greatly elongated, straight or somewhat curved, projecting well beyond stamens, stigma small, scarcely or no broader than style. BERRY : globose, pericarp densely covered with conic prickles, with conspicuous, persistent style remnant, dark green. SEED : reniform, black or very dark brown, testa hard, thick, verrucose, containing white druses, embryo large, ellipsoid to slightly curved, endosperm very sparse, only a few cell layers thick.

Diagnostic Description

Seasonally dormant, tuberous geophytes; petiole mottled, smooth, rough or aculeate; leaves 1-2; leaf blade dracontioid, ultimate lobes lacking submarginal vein; spathe strongly fornicate, tube margins not overlapping; flowers bisexual, perigone absent; style very long, projecting well beyond stamens. Differs from Dracontium in flowers lacking perigone, berries with densely prickly pericarp and southeast Asian range.


Tropical humid forest; geophytes on forest floor in sandy loam.



Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Tropical Indo-China Cambodia
  • Laos
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Mayo, S.J., Bogner, J. & Boyce, P.C. The Genera of Araceae. (Royal Botanic Gardens Kew: 1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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