Philonotion Schott
  • Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 7: 421 (1857) 

Notes: Distribution: S. Trop. America

General Description

Evergreen terrestrial mesophytic or para-rheophytic herbs with pleionanthic or hapaxanthic shoots. Stem hypogeal or epigeal, erect to creeping. Leaves few to many; petiole terete; petiolar sheath fully attached, from 2/5 to 1/2 of the petiole length; lamina oblong to ovate, basally cuneate, ovate to cordate, apex often caudate and usually with a tubular mucro; primary venation pinnate, running to margin and there forming a prominent marginal vein, secondary venation parallelpinnate; tertiary venation reticulate. Inflorescences solitary or in a 2-flowered synflorescence; peduncle exceeding the petioles; spathe constricted at junction of the lower part and limb, coinciding with a partially naked insterice and/or zone of sterile male flowers on the spadix, lower spathe tightly convolute, persistent into fruiting, limb caducous (always?) during anthesis; spadix sessile, flowers unisexual, aperigoniate; female flower zone partly adnate to the lower spathe; pistils crowded, distally sometimes interspersed with clavate interpistillar pistillodes, these exceeding the pistils; stigma discoid to hemispherical; ovary unilocular, placentae 1–2, parietal; ovules 1–2 per placenta, fusiform; sterile interstice with staminodes proximally, naked distally; male flower zone attenuate, stamens crowded, not obviously arranged into male flowers; anthers truncate; thecae each opening an apical pore; appendix absent. Fruiting spathe urceolate; fruit berry; seeds 2–4, globose to ellipsoid, longitudinally costate.


Terrestrial mesophytes in savanna forest on white-sand or para-rheophytes on steep muddy river banks.


Northeast South America: Colombia (Vaupes) through Venezuela (Bolívar and Amazonas) to the Guianas and into Northeast Brazil.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North
  • Northern South America French Guiana
  • Guyana
  • Suriname
  • Venezuela
  • Western South America Bolivia
  • Colombia
  • Peru


  • 1 Wong, S.Y., Boyce, P.C., Sofiman bin Othman, A. & Pin, L.C. (2010). Molecular phylogeny of tribe Schismatoglottideae (Araceae) based on two pastid markers and recognition of a new tribe Philonotieae, from the neotropics. Taxon 59: 117-124.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Wong, S.Yeng, Boyce, P.Charles, bin Othman, A.Sofiman & Pin, L.Chui Molecular phylogeny of tribe Schismatoglottideae (Araceae) based on two plastid markers and recognition of a new tribe, Philonotieae, from the neotropics. 59, (2010).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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