Philodendron verapazense Croat
  • Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84: 552 (1997) 


Notes: Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala

General Description

Hemiepiphytic; stem appressed-climbing or sometimes scandent; preadult internodes to 20 cm long, 1.5--3 cm long; adult internodes green becoming tinged purple, finally tan, conspicuously many-sulcate except above each petiole, longer than broad; roots few per node, 10--30 cm long, drying dark brown, weakly glossy, 2.3 mm diam.; cataphylls 14--17 cm long, sharply 2-ribbed, green tinged red, deciduous. LEAVES: petioles 29--44 cm long, drying 2--5 mm diam., sharply D-shaped, flattened adaxially, with adaxial margins sharp; blades narrowly ovate-triangular-cordate, subcoriaceous, long-acuminate at apex (the acumen sometimes apiculate), long-cordate to sagittate at base, 26--34 cm long, 11.5--14 cm wide (2--3 times longer than wide), (0.7--1.1 times longer than petiole); anterior lobe (13)21--26 cm long, (5.4)13--14 cm wide (2.9--4.3 times longer than posterior lobes); posterior lobes 6--7.5 cm long, (2.3)6--7.1 cm wide; sinus hippocrepiform, sometimes spathulate, 7--7.5 cm deep; midrib broadly convex and paler above, convex and darker below, drying somewhat acute; basal veins 3(4) per side, with 0(1) free to base, the remainder coalesced 2--2.5 cm; posterior rib naked for most or all of its length; primary lateral veins 3--4 per side, departing midrib at a 55--65E angle, more or less straight to weakly arcuate to the margins; minor veins arising from the midrib only. INFLORESCENCES 1 per axil; peduncle 3--14 cm long, 4--5 mm diam., green or tinged with reddish violet; spathe 10--18 cm long, ((0.7)2--3.7 times longer than peduncle), reddish violet outside; spathe blade acuminate; spathe tube cylindrical, 8--9 cm long, 1--1.5 cm diam., crimson-red inside; spadix stipitate to 3.5 cm long; acute at apex, 15--16.5 cm long, constricted ca. 4 cm above base of sterile staminate portion; pistillate portion cream, 3.2 cm long in front, 1.7 cm long in back, 1.5--2.6 cm wide at base; staminate portion 8.3--9 cm long; fertile staminate portion cream, tapered to apex, 7--10 mm diam. at base and midway, 3--4 mm diam. ca. 1 cm from apex; sterile staminate portion 1.8--2.2 mm diam.; pistils 1.9--2.3 mm long; ovary 4--6-locular, 1 mm diam., with sub-basal placentation; locules 0.9 mm long, ca. 0.3 mm diam.; ovule sac 0.4--1 mm long; ovules 2 per locule, contained within transparent, gelatinous ovule sac, longer than funicle; funicle 0.2--0.3 mm long, (can be pulled free to base), style 0.8 mm diam., similar to style type D; style apex somewhat rounded to flat, depressions surrounding stylar canal exits, style boss broad, very shallow; the androecium truncate, prismatic, more or less oblong, margins irregularly 5--6-sided, 0.8--1.1 mm long; thecae oblong, 0.4--0.5 mm wide, more or less parallel to one another, very nearly contiguous; sterile staminate flowers prismatic to weakly clavate, irregularly 4--6-sided, mostly 5-sided, 1.3--1.9 mm long.

Habitat

Bosque Pino-Encino in Mexico and Tropical moist forest in Guatemala.

Distribution

Ranges from southern Mexico (Chiapas) to Guatemala (Alta Verapaz).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Northern America Mexico Mexico Southeast
  • Southern America Central America Guatemala

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Croat, T.Bernard A revision of Philodendron subgenus Philodendron (Araceae) for Mexico and Central America Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84, (1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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