Philodendron vargealtense Sakuragui
  • Novon 11: 104 (2001) 

Notes: Distribution: Brazil (Espírito Santo)

General Description

Hemi-epiphytic or sometimes epilithic vine. Stem pale greyish-chestnut coloured, internodes 2 – 2.8 cm long. Prophyll 26 x 12 cm, triangular-lanceolate, green. LEAVES: Petiole 39-70 cm long, green with pale green grooves. Leaf blade 30-56 x 19-25 cm, ovate-triangular, apex acute, base sagittate, sinus ± parabolic to V-shaped, chartaceous to subcoriaceous; anterior division 27-48 x 19-25 cm, 5-6 primary lateral veins, interprimary veins distinct; posterior divisions 11.5-13 x 10-11 cm, acroscopic veins 4 per side, basiscopic veins 4 per side; basal veins 6-8 per side, none or rarely 1 free to base; posterior rib naked for 4-5.5 cm. INFLORESCENCE: 1-2 per floral sympodium, peduncle 3-12 cm long. Spathe 12-15 x 4-5 cm long, boat-shaped, moderately constricted, green outside, cream inside. Spadix 9-11 cm long, male zone 6-7 cm long; male sterile zone 1-1.5 cm long; female zone 4.5-5.5 cm long. Flowers: stamens 0,8-1,5 x 1-1,3 mm, intermediate staminodes 1.5-2 x 1.3-1.8 mm, gynoecium 0.9-1.8 x 0.7-1.5 mm, ovoid, ovary 8-9-locular, ovules 5-6 per locule, placentation sub-basal. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries not seen.


Hemi-epiphytic or epilithic in tropical forest.


Southeastern Brazil, Minas Gerais state.


Data deficient (DD). Further collections are needed to allow complete evaluation of this species.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil Southeast


  • 1 Nadruz Coelho, M.A. (2010). A família Araceae na reserva natural Vale, Linhares, Espírito Santo, Brasil. Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão , n.s., 28: 41-87.
  • 2 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. (2005). Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron. Kew Bulletin 60: 465-513.
  • 3 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 4 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.Joseph & Zappi, D.C. Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron section Macrobelium Kew Bull. 60, (2005).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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