Philodendron trujilloi G.S.Bunting
  • Acta Bot. Venez. 10: 313 (1975) 


Notes: Distribution: Venezuela

General Description

Scandent herb up to 5-10 m long, leafy. Stem up to 4 cm thick, internodes 3-4 cm long, hidden by pale brown, fibrous cataphyll remains. New cataphyll thick, 26 cm long. LEAVES: Petiole firm although sappy, subterete, ventrally flattened or longitudinally ridged, upwards laterally compressed and nearly semi-terete, green and pale green interrupted striolate- punctuate, 73-92 cm long and 1.8 cm thick, sheathed for 5.5-8 cm in the lower part; geniculum 2.7-4.6 cm long. Leaf blade reflexed, sub-coriaceous but brittle, nervosa, up to 88-94 cm long and 49-60 cm wide (at the point 9 cm above the base of the midrib), outline ovate or triangular-ovate, acuminate at the apex, more or less deeply cordate at the base; posterior lobes rounded 17-21 cm long, separated by a parabolic semicircular or hippocrepiform sinus, rarely lobes touching each other, or imbricate; margin slightly undulate; adaxially deep green, midrib flat 0.8-1 cm wide and paler green, 9-10 sunken primary lateral veins on each side, ascending at an angle of ca. 50º-65º, arcuate at the margin with one sulcate secondary vein between each pair, tertiary veins sulcate, emerging from the primary veins, 3-4 principal descending veins on each side joined together into short, canaliculate posterior ribs, naked fro 2-2.5 cm in the sinus; abaxially yellowish-green, midrib robust, convex, posterior ribs and principal veins raised, all dark ('obscure') green. INFLORESCENCES in pairs. Peduncle first 9 cm long, finally 20 cm long, green, marked with raised white striae towards the apex. Spathe 13.5-16.5 cm long, tube inflated-ellipsoid in infructescence 6.5-7.4 cm long and 3-4 cm thick, externally green and paler punctuate, blade ivory white, acuminate at apex with a very long cuspid (2-3.2 cm long!) Spadix somewhat shorter than the spathe (0.3-1 cm), subsessile, ca. 14 cm long, female zone 3.6 cm long and 1.7 cm wide; male zone ca. 10.4 cm long, sterile part 1.5 cm thick below, 1.1 cm in diam. above, constricted, fertile zone 1.7 cm thick. Pistillate flowers sub-cylindric, ovary 5-locular, ovules very numerous in each locule, superposed. INFRUCTESCENCE sub-ellipsoid, 6.4 cm long and 3 cm in diameter. Berries sub-cylindric 0.65-0.75 cm long and 0.3 cm in diameter., white.

Distribution

Venezuela.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Southern America Northern South America Venezuela

  Bibliography

  • 1 Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Bunting, G.S. Nuevas especies para la revision de las Araceas venezolanas. . Acta Bot. Venezuel. 10 (1-4), (1975).
  • 4 Gardens, K.""Royal Bot World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. (2008).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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eMonocot
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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