Philodendron surinamense (Miq.) Engl.
  • Candolle & Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 2: 361 (1879) 

Notes: Distribution: S. Trop. America

General Description

Hemiepiphytic vine. Internodes terete to subtetragonous, 1.5-1 1 cm long, 5-7 mm diam., green, soon turning light brown. LEAVES: Petioles 2.5-12 cm long, sheathed throughout, the sheath erect-incurled, medium green, weakly glossy, free-rounded and narrowly rounded at apex, to 1.2 cm wide when expanded. Blades oblong-elliptic, 12-34 cm long, 3-10 cm wide, acuminate or sometimes cuspidate at apex, acute to rounded at base, subcoriaceous, semiglossy, slightly bicolorous, drying gray-green above, yellow-green below. Midrib deeply sunken above, convex below. Primary lateral veins flat and barely apparent above, flat and darker than surface below, little or not at aU more apparent than the minor veins below. INFLORESCENCE 1 per axil. Peduncle 3.5 cm long. Spathe green, 11-15 cm long, narrowly acuminate at apex, deciduous promptly after anthesis. Spadix 7-9.5 cm long. Pistillate portion 3- 4.3 cm long, 8-10 mm diam.


Ranges from southern Venezuela (Bolívar and Amazonas) and the Guianas to Ecuador (Pastaza), Peru (Loreto), and Brazil (Amapá, Roraima, Amazonas, Maranhâo, and Bahia).

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North
  • Brazil Northeast
  • Northern South America French Guiana
  • Guyana
  • Suriname
  • Venezuela
  • Western South America Ecuador
  • Peru


  • 1 Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Grayum, T.Bernard Cr & Howard, M. Philodendron Subgenus Pteromischum (Araceae) from Saül, French Guiana. Novon. 4, (1994).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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