Philodendron squamiferum Poepp.
  • E.F.Poeppig & S.L.Endlicher, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 3: 87 (1845) 


Notes: Distribution: Guianas, N. Brazil

General Description

Stems long, sub-woody, robust, fissures in cortex, scandent, rooting high up in trees, hidden by deflexed palmatifid irregularly twisted chestnut-colored scales, 7-9 mm long, up to 2 mm wide at the base. LEAVES: Petiole terete, reddish, 10-15 cm long, 3-4 mm thick, clothed in dense small, spreading, entire or palmatifid, 4-5 mm long scales. Blade parchment-like, five-lobed or five-partite, up to 25 cm long, the lowermost lobes diverging irregularly, obliquely, oval, rather acute or short obtuse, often with one [side] or the other enlarged with lobules or teeth; the middle lobes longer than the lower ones, ca. 10 cm long, 4 cm wide, sub-falcate-oblong, sub-acute; terminal lobe rhomboid-elliptic, apex very broadly acuminate, 10 cm long and equally wide. Midrib and posterior ribs sparsely scaly (posterior ribs denuded in the deep, narrowly parabolic petiolar sinus); 4 sub-parallel lateral veins spreading in the middle lobe, 4 lateral veins spreading on each side of the anterior lobe, with a larger distance between them. INFLORESCENCE: Peduncle elongate, red, scaly. Spathe 7-9 cm long, tube purple on both sides, 4-5 cm long, blade somewhat shorter, from white to yellow-green and reddish-purple dorsally towards the apex, internally pale yellow, cucullate, apex shortly cuspidulate. Spadix obliquely sessile; female zone pale green, cylindroid, 3-3.5 cm long; male sterile zone swollen, 1.5 cm long; fertile male zone white, clavate-cylindric, 2 cm long. Pistils oblong-ovoid, 1 mm long. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries pale pink, barely 2 mm long, 6-9-locular, locules 2-3-seeded. Seeds pink-purplish, oblong-ellipsoid, sulcate-striate.

Distribution

N. Brazil, French Guiana, Surinam.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North
  • Northern South America French Guiana
  • Suriname

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Krause, K. Araceae-Philodendroideae-Philodendreae-Philodendrinae. Das Pflanzenreich. 60 (IV.23Db), (1913).
  • 3 Gardens, K.""Royal Bot World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. (2008).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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