Philodendron spiritus-sancti G.S.Bunting
  • Phytologia 61: 441 (1987) 


Notes: Distribution: Brazil (Espírito Santo)

General Description

Hemi-epiphytic vine. Stem: not seen. Prophyll not seen. LEAVES: Petiole 35-60 cm long, dark green, dull. Leaf blade 57-63 x 11-12.5 cm (cultivated material shorter and broader), triangular, apex acute, base cordate-sagittate, distinctly paler on lower surface, margin vinaceous, chartaceous to subcoriaceous; anterior division 43-49 x 11-11.5 cm, primary lateral veins 4 per side; posterior divisions 11-14 x 4.5-6 cm, acroscopic vein 1 per side, basioscopic vein 1 per side; basal veins 1-4, none or rarely 1 free to base; posterior rib not naked. INFLORESCENCE: 1-4 per floral sympodium, peduncle 3.5-5 cm long, greenish-vinaceous, with red apex. Spathe 15-18 x 2.8-3.2 cm long, narrowly ovate, weakly constricted, outside greenish-vinaceous, with vinaceous marks at the base, inside red at base with blade white. Spadix 12.5-17 cm long; male zone 3.7-4.5 cm long, cream; intermediate male sterile zone 1-1.4 cm long, white; apical male sterile zone 3.5-4.5 cm long, cream; female zone 5-6.5 cm long, greenish. Flowers: stamens 1-1.5 x 0.7-1 mm; intermediate staminodes 1.8-3.5 x 1.6-3 mm; apical staminodes 1.5-2 x 1-1.8 mm; gynoecium 2-2.5 x 1.5-2 mm, ovoid, ovary 7-13-locular, ovules 3-4 per locule, placentation sub-basal. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries immature, 3.2-4 x 2.5-3.5 mm, yellowish-green; seed 0.4 cm long, fusiform, white.

Habitat

Hemi-epiphytic in tropical forest.

Distribution

So far known only from the type locality, Domingos Martins, Espírito Santo state, Brazil.

Conservation

Data deficient (DD). Further collections are needed to allow complete evaluation of this species.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil Southeast

  Bibliography

  • 1 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. (2005). Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron. Kew Bulletin 60: 465-513.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.Joseph & Zappi, D.C. Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron section Macrobelium Kew Bull. 60, (2005).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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